Varieties of Religious (Non)Affiliation: A Primer for Mental Health Practitioners on the "Spiritual but Not Religious" and the "Nones"

David Saunders, Michael Norko, Brian Fallon, James Phillips, Jenifer Nields, Salman Majeed, Joseph Merlino, Fayez El-Gabalawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Given changing demographics of religiosity and spirituality, this article aims to help clinicians understand contemporary trends in patient religious and spiritual orientation. It first identifies and describes the evolving varieties of religio-spiritual orientation and affiliation, as identified in survey studies. Particular attention is given to the examination of those who identify as spiritual but not religious (SBNR) and None (i.e., no religious affiliation), which is important to mental health practice because many patients now identify as SBNR or None. Next, empirical data are considered, including what the literature reveals regarding mental health outcomes and SBNRs and Nones. We conclude with a summary of the main points and five recommendations that mental health practitioners and researchers need to consider regarding this increasingly large portion of the population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)424-430
Number of pages7
JournalThe Journal of nervous and mental disease
Volume208
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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