Variety in a meal enhances food intake in man

Barbara Jean Rolls, E. A. Rowe, E. T. Rolls, Breda Kingston, Angela Megson, Rachel Gunary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

393 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We find that in man satiety can be partly specific to foods eaten [12]. The possibility that this specificity of satiety leads to overeating if a wide variety of foods is readily available is tested here. The intakes of subjects offered a variety of foods in succession during a meal were compared to intakes when the same food was offered throughout. Subjects (n=36) ate a third more when offered sandwiches with four different fillings than when just one filling was offered (p<0.001). In another study subjects (n=24) ate significantly more when three flavors of yogurt (hazelnut, blackcurrant, orange) which were distinctive in taste, texture and color were offered than when offered just one of the flavors (p<0.01), even if the flavor was the favorite (p<0.01). However, when subjects (n=24) were offered three flavors of yogurt (strawberry, raspberry, cherry) which differed only in taste there was no enhancement of intake when the variety was offered. Having a variety of foods presented in succession during a meal enhances intake, and the more different the foods are the greater the enhancement is likely to be.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-221
Number of pages7
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981

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Meals
Eating
Food
Yogurt
Corylus
Fragaria
Hyperphagia
Color

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Rolls, B. J., Rowe, E. A., Rolls, E. T., Kingston, B., Megson, A., & Gunary, R. (1981). Variety in a meal enhances food intake in man. Physiology and Behavior, 26(2), 215-221. https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9384(81)90014-7
Rolls, Barbara Jean ; Rowe, E. A. ; Rolls, E. T. ; Kingston, Breda ; Megson, Angela ; Gunary, Rachel. / Variety in a meal enhances food intake in man. In: Physiology and Behavior. 1981 ; Vol. 26, No. 2. pp. 215-221.
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Rolls, BJ, Rowe, EA, Rolls, ET, Kingston, B, Megson, A & Gunary, R 1981, 'Variety in a meal enhances food intake in man', Physiology and Behavior, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 215-221. https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9384(81)90014-7

Variety in a meal enhances food intake in man. / Rolls, Barbara Jean; Rowe, E. A.; Rolls, E. T.; Kingston, Breda; Megson, Angela; Gunary, Rachel.

In: Physiology and Behavior, Vol. 26, No. 2, 01.01.1981, p. 215-221.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Rolls BJ, Rowe EA, Rolls ET, Kingston B, Megson A, Gunary R. Variety in a meal enhances food intake in man. Physiology and Behavior. 1981 Jan 1;26(2):215-221. https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9384(81)90014-7