Ventricular assist devices and non-cardiac surgery

S. Michael Roberts, David G. Hovord, Ramesh Kodavatiganti, Subramanian Sathishkumar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of ventricular assist devices has expanded significantly since their approval by the Food and Drug Administration in the United States in 1994. In addition to this, the prevalence of heart failure continues to increase. We aim to provide an overview of perioperative considerations and management of these patients for non-cardiac surgery. We performed a Medline search for the words "ventricular assist device," "Heartmate" and "HeartWare" to gain an overview of the literature surrounding these devices, and chose studies with relevance to the stated aims of this review. Patients with ventricular assist devices are presenting more frequently for surgery not related to their cardiac pathology. As the mechanically supported population grows, general anesthesiologists will be faced with managing these patients, possibly outside of the tertiary care setting. The unique challenges of this patient population can best be addressed by a thorough understanding of ventricular assist device physiology and a multidisciplinary approach to care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number185
JournalBMC Anesthesiology
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 19 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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