Verbal communication impacts quality of life in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Stephanie H. Felgoise, Vincenzo Zaccheo, Jason Duff, Zachary Simmons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Global quality of life (QoL) in patients with ALS has been found to be independent of overall physical function. However, the relationship between verbal communication ability and QoL has not been explored. This was a retrospective study using data from a study validating the ALS-Specific QoL Questionnaire (ALSSQoL). Speech function was assessed using the first question on the ALS Functional Rating Scale (ALSFRS), ranging from 4 (normal speech) to 0 (loss of useful speech). There were 338 participants for whom data were available for speech function and for all ALSSQoL subscales. Analysis of variance revealed that QoL varied among individuals with different functional abilities for speech (F (4,333) = 5.13, p = 0.001). Specifically, poorer QoL was related to initial impairments in verbal communication ability (p = 0.005). QoL also was poorer in those with no speech ability compared to those with normal speech (p = 0.008). In conclusion, the ability to communicate verbally, unlike overall physical function, is directly related to overall QoL in patients with ALS. The initial period of speech impairment appears to have a particularly strong impact on QoL, and may be an important time for intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-183
Number of pages5
JournalAmyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
Volume17
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 18 2016

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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Aptitude
Communication
Quality of Life
Analysis of Variance
Retrospective Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

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title = "Verbal communication impacts quality of life in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis",
abstract = "Global quality of life (QoL) in patients with ALS has been found to be independent of overall physical function. However, the relationship between verbal communication ability and QoL has not been explored. This was a retrospective study using data from a study validating the ALS-Specific QoL Questionnaire (ALSSQoL). Speech function was assessed using the first question on the ALS Functional Rating Scale (ALSFRS), ranging from 4 (normal speech) to 0 (loss of useful speech). There were 338 participants for whom data were available for speech function and for all ALSSQoL subscales. Analysis of variance revealed that QoL varied among individuals with different functional abilities for speech (F (4,333) = 5.13, p = 0.001). Specifically, poorer QoL was related to initial impairments in verbal communication ability (p = 0.005). QoL also was poorer in those with no speech ability compared to those with normal speech (p = 0.008). In conclusion, the ability to communicate verbally, unlike overall physical function, is directly related to overall QoL in patients with ALS. The initial period of speech impairment appears to have a particularly strong impact on QoL, and may be an important time for intervention.",
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Verbal communication impacts quality of life in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. / Felgoise, Stephanie H.; Zaccheo, Vincenzo; Duff, Jason; Simmons, Zachary.

In: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration, Vol. 17, No. 3-4, 18.05.2016, p. 179-183.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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