Versatile cluster based photoelectron spectrometer

K. L. Knappenberger, C. E. Jones, M. A. Sobhy, A. W. Castleman

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22 Scopus citations


A recently constructed cluster based photoelectron spectrometer is described. This instrumentation is unique in that it enables the kinetic energy analysis of electrons ejected from both anions and neutral clusters. This capability permits the investigation of discrete electronic levels in all charge states (anionic, neutral, and cationic). A laser vaporization plasma reactor cluster source affixed with a sublimation cell is employed to produce a variety of metal clusters, and the resulting cluster distributions are analyzed with time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The corresponding electronic structure is analyzed with a "magnetic bottle" photoelectron spectrometer. Examples of instrument performance operating in both anion photodetachment and neutral multiphoton ionization (MPI) modes are provided. In the case of neutral MPI, the corresponding product distribution is collected with a Wiley-McLaren [Rev. Sci. Instrum. 26, 1150 (1955)] mass spectrometer mounted perpendicular to the magnetic bottle photoelectron spectrometer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number123901
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation


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