Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurs in 10% to 60% of the patients after liver transplantation (OLT) and is associated with increased mortality. The average time to recurrence ranges from 1 to 2 years following OLT, and the median survival from the time of diagnosis is about 1 year. We report a case of a 69-year-old man who underwent OLT for hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis with HCC, and was diagnosed with recurrent HCC 6.5 years after OLT. Biopsies from the initial and recurrent tumors showed a well-differentiated HCC with foci of clear cell pattern. The patient was still alive and asymptomatic 32 months after the diagnosis despite extensive tumor burden. He expired 9 years, 9 months after OLT and 3 years, 2 months after the detection of recurrence. In conclusion, HCC may recur more than 6 years after OLT and may exhibit an indolent course. This case illustrates the highly variable rate of tumor growth and progression post-OLT. The impact of this information on the need for long-term surveillance for recurrent HCC post-OLT remains to be determined.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2006|
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