Aeroelastic response, blade and hub loads, and shaft-fixed aeroelastic stability is investigated for a helicopter with elastically tailored stiff-inplane composite rotor blades. A free wake model for nonuniform rotor inflow is integrated with a recently developed finite-element-based aeroelastic analysis for helicopters with tailored composite blades. Pitch-flap and pitch-lag elastic couplings, introduced through the anisotropy of the plies in the blade spar, have a significant effect on the dynamic elastic torsion response. Positive and negative pitch-flap couplings reduce vertical hub shear forces approximately 20% in the high vibration transition flight regime, however, negative pitch-flap elastic coupling significantly increases inplane hub shear forces at all flight speeds. The influence of pitch-flap, pitch-lag, and extension-torsion elastic couplings on the rotating frame blade bending moments is small. Ply-induced composite couplings have a powerful effect on blade stability in both hover and forward flight. Positive pitch-flap, positive pitch-lag, and positive extension-torsion couplings each have a stabilizing effect on lag mode damping. Negative pitch-lag coupling has a strong destabilizing effect on blade lag stability, resulting in a mild instability at moderate flight speeds.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Modeling and Simulation
- Computer Science Applications