Vibration and flutter of stiff-inplane elastically tailored composite rotor blades

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aeroelastic response, blade and hub loads, and shaft-fixed aeroelastic stability is investigated for a helicopter with elastically tailored stiff-inplane composite rotor blades. A free wake model for nonuniform rotor inflow is integrated with a recently developed finite-element-based aeroelastic analysis for helicopters with tailored composite blades. Pitch-flap and pitch-lag elastic couplings, introduced through the anisotropy of the plies in the blade spar, have a significant effect on the dynamic elastic torsion response. Positive and negative pitch-flap couplings reduce vertical hub shear forces approximately 20% in the high vibration transition flight regime, however, negative pitch-flap elastic coupling significantly increases inplane hub shear forces at all flight speeds. The influence of pitch-flap, pitch-lag, and extension-torsion elastic couplings on the rotating frame blade bending moments is small. Ply-induced composite couplings have a powerful effect on blade stability in both hover and forward flight. Positive pitch-flap, positive pitch-lag, and positive extension-torsion couplings each have a stabilizing effect on lag mode damping. Negative pitch-lag coupling has a strong destabilizing effect on blade lag stability, resulting in a mild instability at moderate flight speeds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-45
Number of pages19
JournalMathematical and Computer Modelling
Volume19
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

Fingerprint

Flaps
Flutter
Blade
Rotor
Turbomachine blades
Rotors
Vibration
Composite
Torsional stress
Composite materials
Helicopters
Torsion
Helicopter
Bending moments
Anisotropy
Damping
Wake
Rotating
Vertical
Finite Element

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

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abstract = "Aeroelastic response, blade and hub loads, and shaft-fixed aeroelastic stability is investigated for a helicopter with elastically tailored stiff-inplane composite rotor blades. A free wake model for nonuniform rotor inflow is integrated with a recently developed finite-element-based aeroelastic analysis for helicopters with tailored composite blades. Pitch-flap and pitch-lag elastic couplings, introduced through the anisotropy of the plies in the blade spar, have a significant effect on the dynamic elastic torsion response. Positive and negative pitch-flap couplings reduce vertical hub shear forces approximately 20{\%} in the high vibration transition flight regime, however, negative pitch-flap elastic coupling significantly increases inplane hub shear forces at all flight speeds. The influence of pitch-flap, pitch-lag, and extension-torsion elastic couplings on the rotating frame blade bending moments is small. Ply-induced composite couplings have a powerful effect on blade stability in both hover and forward flight. Positive pitch-flap, positive pitch-lag, and positive extension-torsion couplings each have a stabilizing effect on lag mode damping. Negative pitch-lag coupling has a strong destabilizing effect on blade lag stability, resulting in a mild instability at moderate flight speeds.",
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Vibration and flutter of stiff-inplane elastically tailored composite rotor blades. / Smith, Edward.

In: Mathematical and Computer Modelling, Vol. 19, No. 3-4, 01.01.1994, p. 27-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Aeroelastic response, blade and hub loads, and shaft-fixed aeroelastic stability is investigated for a helicopter with elastically tailored stiff-inplane composite rotor blades. A free wake model for nonuniform rotor inflow is integrated with a recently developed finite-element-based aeroelastic analysis for helicopters with tailored composite blades. Pitch-flap and pitch-lag elastic couplings, introduced through the anisotropy of the plies in the blade spar, have a significant effect on the dynamic elastic torsion response. Positive and negative pitch-flap couplings reduce vertical hub shear forces approximately 20% in the high vibration transition flight regime, however, negative pitch-flap elastic coupling significantly increases inplane hub shear forces at all flight speeds. The influence of pitch-flap, pitch-lag, and extension-torsion elastic couplings on the rotating frame blade bending moments is small. Ply-induced composite couplings have a powerful effect on blade stability in both hover and forward flight. Positive pitch-flap, positive pitch-lag, and positive extension-torsion couplings each have a stabilizing effect on lag mode damping. Negative pitch-lag coupling has a strong destabilizing effect on blade lag stability, resulting in a mild instability at moderate flight speeds.

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