Visualization of rotor endwall, tip gap, and outer casing surface flows in a rotating axial turbine rig

Nikhil M. Rao, Cengiz Camci

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Visualization of surface flows in a large-scale, low speed, axial turbine rig was conducted using a visualization mixture of oil and pigment. Rotor endwall flows were visualized by applying a film of visualization material on the endwall. Tip surface flows were visualized by applying paint dots and oil film to the blade pressure surface. The visualization material is carried up on the blade surface due to rotation and some of the material seeps into the tip gap. The paint dot technique was used on blades with gap heights of 1.40% blade height and 0.72% blade height. Oil film visualization was used on blades with gap heights, as percent blade height, of 0.72%, 0.81%, 1.2%, and 1.40%. Outer casing boundary layer characteristics were also visualized by the oil film technique. Surface streamlines on the rotor endwall identify features such as saddle point, horseshoe vortex system, and skewed passage boundary layer. Tip surface streamlines indicate the presence of chord-wise flow on the tip surface, along with a distinct reattachment region. Variation of surface streamlines characteristics is correlated to the gap height. Outer casing surface streamlines show the variation in wall shear stress vector orientation through the rotor. COPYRIGHT

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages509-517
Number of pages9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 23 2005
EventASME Turbo Expo 2005 - Gas Turbie Technology: Focus for the Future - Reno-Tahoe, NV, United States
Duration: Jun 6 2005Jun 9 2005

Other

OtherASME Turbo Expo 2005 - Gas Turbie Technology: Focus for the Future
CountryUnited States
CityReno-Tahoe, NV
Period6/6/056/9/05

Fingerprint

Turbines
Visualization
Rotors
Paint
Boundary layers
Pigments
Shear stress
Vortex flow
Oils

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Rao, N. M., & Camci, C. (2005). Visualization of rotor endwall, tip gap, and outer casing surface flows in a rotating axial turbine rig. 509-517. Paper presented at ASME Turbo Expo 2005 - Gas Turbie Technology: Focus for the Future, Reno-Tahoe, NV, United States. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2005-68264
Rao, Nikhil M. ; Camci, Cengiz. / Visualization of rotor endwall, tip gap, and outer casing surface flows in a rotating axial turbine rig. Paper presented at ASME Turbo Expo 2005 - Gas Turbie Technology: Focus for the Future, Reno-Tahoe, NV, United States.9 p.
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abstract = "Visualization of surface flows in a large-scale, low speed, axial turbine rig was conducted using a visualization mixture of oil and pigment. Rotor endwall flows were visualized by applying a film of visualization material on the endwall. Tip surface flows were visualized by applying paint dots and oil film to the blade pressure surface. The visualization material is carried up on the blade surface due to rotation and some of the material seeps into the tip gap. The paint dot technique was used on blades with gap heights of 1.40{\%} blade height and 0.72{\%} blade height. Oil film visualization was used on blades with gap heights, as percent blade height, of 0.72{\%}, 0.81{\%}, 1.2{\%}, and 1.40{\%}. Outer casing boundary layer characteristics were also visualized by the oil film technique. Surface streamlines on the rotor endwall identify features such as saddle point, horseshoe vortex system, and skewed passage boundary layer. Tip surface streamlines indicate the presence of chord-wise flow on the tip surface, along with a distinct reattachment region. Variation of surface streamlines characteristics is correlated to the gap height. Outer casing surface streamlines show the variation in wall shear stress vector orientation through the rotor. COPYRIGHT",
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Rao, NM & Camci, C 2005, 'Visualization of rotor endwall, tip gap, and outer casing surface flows in a rotating axial turbine rig' Paper presented at ASME Turbo Expo 2005 - Gas Turbie Technology: Focus for the Future, Reno-Tahoe, NV, United States, 6/6/05 - 6/9/05, pp. 509-517. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2005-68264

Visualization of rotor endwall, tip gap, and outer casing surface flows in a rotating axial turbine rig. / Rao, Nikhil M.; Camci, Cengiz.

2005. 509-517 Paper presented at ASME Turbo Expo 2005 - Gas Turbie Technology: Focus for the Future, Reno-Tahoe, NV, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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N2 - Visualization of surface flows in a large-scale, low speed, axial turbine rig was conducted using a visualization mixture of oil and pigment. Rotor endwall flows were visualized by applying a film of visualization material on the endwall. Tip surface flows were visualized by applying paint dots and oil film to the blade pressure surface. The visualization material is carried up on the blade surface due to rotation and some of the material seeps into the tip gap. The paint dot technique was used on blades with gap heights of 1.40% blade height and 0.72% blade height. Oil film visualization was used on blades with gap heights, as percent blade height, of 0.72%, 0.81%, 1.2%, and 1.40%. Outer casing boundary layer characteristics were also visualized by the oil film technique. Surface streamlines on the rotor endwall identify features such as saddle point, horseshoe vortex system, and skewed passage boundary layer. Tip surface streamlines indicate the presence of chord-wise flow on the tip surface, along with a distinct reattachment region. Variation of surface streamlines characteristics is correlated to the gap height. Outer casing surface streamlines show the variation in wall shear stress vector orientation through the rotor. COPYRIGHT

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Rao NM, Camci C. Visualization of rotor endwall, tip gap, and outer casing surface flows in a rotating axial turbine rig. 2005. Paper presented at ASME Turbo Expo 2005 - Gas Turbie Technology: Focus for the Future, Reno-Tahoe, NV, United States. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2005-68264