Vitamin supplement histories were taken from a sample of approximately 3,600 individuals (2,461 men and 1,181 women) from a hospital-based population. Multivitamin preparations were the most commonly used vitamin supplements (32% of men, 37% of women) followed by vitamins C (men 11%; women 16%) and E (men 17%; women 23%). The most common combination of supplements among the multi-users was vitamins C and E. Vitamin supplement use was positively associated with education in both sexes. Among women, there was a negative association between vitamin supplement consumption and Quetelet index. No association was found between vitamin use and smoking status or alcohol use or amount of alcohol consumed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Cancer Research