Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grimsvotn volcano, Iceland

A. M. Agustsdottir, Susan Louise Brantley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Samples of the subglacial lake in the crater of the tholeiitic basaltic caldera Grimsvotn in Iceland were obtained by using a hot-water drill to sink two boreholes through the 250-m- thick ice shelf covering the lake. The crater lake is assumed to be closed, with respect to volatile components released from subsurface magma, except for periodic draining by jokulhlaups. From the periodicity and water chemistry of the jokulhlaups, the volcano's average release rates of carbon, sulfur, chlorine and fluorine between 1954 and 1991 are estimated to be 5.3 × 107 kg C yr-1, 5.3 × 10 6 kg S yr-1, 6.6 × 105 kg Cl yr-1, and 1.5 × 105 kg F yr-1. The emission rate estimates for Grimsvotn, one of the most active volcanoes in Iceland, are the longest integrated estimates obtained for an active volcano and are equal to or lower than those of other major active volcanoes worldwide. This difference may imply that published release rates for other volcanoes are overestimated, because they are usually not integrated over time. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9505-9522
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume99
Issue numberB5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

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Iceland
Volcanoes
volcanoes
volcano
Fluxes
lakes
Lakes
craters
land ice
fluorine
crater lake
Fluorine
calderas
Water
Chlorine
ice shelf
lake
Ice
hydrochemistry
estimates

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Forestry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

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abstract = "Samples of the subglacial lake in the crater of the tholeiitic basaltic caldera Grimsvotn in Iceland were obtained by using a hot-water drill to sink two boreholes through the 250-m- thick ice shelf covering the lake. The crater lake is assumed to be closed, with respect to volatile components released from subsurface magma, except for periodic draining by jokulhlaups. From the periodicity and water chemistry of the jokulhlaups, the volcano's average release rates of carbon, sulfur, chlorine and fluorine between 1954 and 1991 are estimated to be 5.3 × 107 kg C yr-1, 5.3 × 10 6 kg S yr-1, 6.6 × 105 kg Cl yr-1, and 1.5 × 105 kg F yr-1. The emission rate estimates for Grimsvotn, one of the most active volcanoes in Iceland, are the longest integrated estimates obtained for an active volcano and are equal to or lower than those of other major active volcanoes worldwide. This difference may imply that published release rates for other volcanoes are overestimated, because they are usually not integrated over time. -from Authors",
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Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grimsvotn volcano, Iceland. / Agustsdottir, A. M.; Brantley, Susan Louise.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 99, No. B5, 01.01.1994, p. 9505-9522.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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