Nanochannels remain at the focus of growing scientific and technological interest. The nanometer scale of the structure allows the discovery of a new range of phenomena that has not been possible in traditional microchannels, among which a direct field effect control over the charges in nanochannels is very attractive for various applications, since it offers a unique opportunity to integrate wet ionics with dry electronics seamlessly. This review will focus on the voltage gated ionic and molecular transport in engineered gated nanochannels. We will present an overview of the transport theory. Fabrication techniques regarding the gated nanostructures will also be discussed. In addition, various applications using the voltage gated nanochannels are outlined, which involves biological and chemical analysis, and energy conversion.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering