This study tested the hypothesis that the amount (weight or volume) of food consumed affects the satiating potency of a food, independent of its energy content. Normal-weight young men (n = 20) were tested in a within- subjects design. Subjects were served a milk-based drink or no drink (control), followed 30 min later by a self-selected lunch and >4 h later by a self-selected dinner. Milk drinks were equal in energy content (2088 kJ, or 499 kcal) and had similar proportions of fat (30.3%), carbohydrate (54.7%), and protein (15%) across three volumes: 300, 450, and 600 mL. Ratings of palatability, sensory properties, and energy content of the drinks and of hunger completed before consumption of the preloads were not significantly different among conditions. The results showed that preload volume affected energy intake at lunch (P ≤0.009) such that energy intake was less after the 600-mL preload than after the 300-mL preload. This effect was still present when energy intake at dinner was included (P ≤0.022). At lunch, including energy from the preload, subjects overate relative to the control condition (4323 ± 322 kJ) after the 300- (5263 ± 321 kJ) and 450-mL (5011 ± 300 kJ) preloads but not after the 600-mL (4703 ± 353 kJ) preload. Thus, the best adjustment for the energy in the preloads was with the largest, least energy- dense drink. Consistent with the effects on intake, the volume of the drinks affected ratings of hunger and fullness. These results indicate that the volume consumed is an important determinant of satiety after milk drinks under these conditions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics