The impacts of Big Box Stores such as Wal-Mart to local social and civic capital were studied. A conceptual model of the processes leading to changes in social capital was proposed. Into this model, the number of Wal-Mart stores in 1987 and the predicted change in the number of stores during the 1990s decade were introduced. Overall, results show that the presence of Wal-Mart depresses social capital stocks in local communities, measured at the country-level.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Economics and Econometrics