Wall-to-wall stress induced in (6,5) semiconducting nanotubes by encapsulation in metallic outer tubes of different diameters: A resonance Raman study of individual C60-derived double-wall carbon nanotubes

Federico Villalpando-Paez, Hiroyuki Muramatsu, Yoong Ahm Kim, Hootan Farhat, Morinobu Endo, Mauricio Terrones, Mildred S. Dresselhaus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

We measure resonant Raman scattering from 11 individual C 60-derived double-wall carbon nanotubes all having inner semiconducting (6,5) tubes and various outer metallic tubes. The Raman spectra show the radial breathing modes (RBM) of the inner and the outer tubes to be simultaneously in resonance with the same laser energy. We observe that an increase in the RBM frequency of the inner tubes is related to an increase in the RBM frequency of the outer tubes. The Raman spectra also contain a sharp G- feature that increases in frequency as the nominal diameter of the outer metallic tubes decreases. Finally, the one-phonon second-order D-band mode shows a two-way frequency splitting that decreases with decreasing nominal wall-to-wall distance. We suggest that the stress which increases with decreasing nominal wall-to-wall distance is responsible for the hardening that is observed in the frequencies of the RBM, D and G- modes of the inner (6,5) semiconducting tubes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-411
Number of pages6
JournalNanoscale
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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