Warfarin: Impact on hemostasis after radial catheterization

Christina M. Lippe, Elizabeth A. Reineck, Allen R. Kunselman, Ian C. Gilchrist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This study explores bleeding risk of warfarin patients undergoing radial catheterization. Background: Traditionally warfarin has been held prior to catheterization due to bleeding risk; however, this practice is being reconsidered with radial access. This study examined if radial patients receiving warfarin have similar hemostasis times to those not taking warfarin. Methods: A convenience sample of patients undergoing radial catheterization was analyzed. Demographics, procedure characteristics, and pharmacologic therapies were reviewed. Hemostasis times, defined as compression band times, were compared. To exclude confounding effects of aspirin and clopidogrel, a separate analysis of band times for each medication was performed. Specifically, analysis of variance models and exact logistic regression models were used to assess means between usage or nonusage of medications (warfarin, aspirin, clopidogrel) while adjusting for other medications. Results: Of 208 patients, 60 (29%) were taking warfarin. The breakdown of warfarin, aspirin, and clopidogrel use was as follows: 6 (3%) not taking medications; 14 (7%) warfarin alone; 88 (42%) aspirin alone; 2 (1%) clopidogrel alone; 39 (19%) both warfarin and aspirin; 52 (25%) clopidogrel and aspirin; and 7 (3%) warfarin, aspirin, and clopidogrel. No major complications occurred. Mean hemostasis times for warfarin and nonwarfarin patients were not different (118 vs. 116 min; P = 0.25). Likewise, there was no difference for aspirin (117 vs. 114 min; P = 0.70). There was a nonsignificant trend toward clopidogrel prolonging hemostasis (123 vs. 114 min; P = 0.09). Conclusion: There were no apparent differences in adequacy of hemostasis or duration of compression time between patients taking warfarin or not taking warfarin after controlling for antiplatelet therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-88
Number of pages7
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume85
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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