Dialysis with high-flux membranes is widely used, in part, because they are thought to increase the removal of middle molecules when compared with low-flux membranes. Dialyzer reprocessing; however, is thought to alter middle molecule clearance. Renalin, a mixture of germicidal agents, has widespread use in dialyzer reprocessing. We determined the effect of Renalin reprocessing on the water permeability of three different dialyzers of Fresenius (F80A and 200A) and Gambro (17R) manufacture using the dead-end filtration method. Two hundred and seventeen, predominantly used but some new, dialyzers were evaluated. Water permeability of the used, but not the new, dialyzers fell abruptly and dramatically with reprocessing. The permeability fell almost 70% in the F80A dialyzer after three reprocessing procedures with similar, but somewhat slower declines, seen in the other two dialyzers. We conclude that there is a decline in water permeability seen in Renalin reprocessed dialyzers. This factor and the associated change in solute clearance and ultrafiltration characteristics should be considered in assessing the effectiveness of dialyzer reprocessing.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes