Water Requirement and Crop Coefficients of Young Jatropha curcas L. Trees in a Subtropical Humid Environment

Bruno Patias Lena, Marcos Vinícius Folegatti, Danilton Luiz Flumignan, Suat Irmak, João Paulo Francisco, Adriano Valentim Diotto, Otávio Neto Almeida Santos, Irineu Pedro De Sousa Andrade, Eder Duarte Fanaya Junior, Patrícia Angélica Alves Marques, Cícero Renê Almeida Barboza Júnior

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Abstract

Long-term and continuous crop evapotranspiration (ETc) and the crop coefficient (Kc) of jatropha (Jatropha curcas L.), which are needed to determine irrigation requirements, are lacking. The objective of this study was to measure jatropha ETc and Kc over four growing years. Field experiments were conducted from March 2012 to August 2015, and three different irrigation treatments were evaluated. The Kc values were determined for the irrigated treatments as the ratio between the ETc and grass-reference evapotranspiration (ET0) (i.e., Kc=ETc/ET0). The ETc was determined using a directly weighing lysimeter, and agrometeorological parameters measured at a weather station were used to estimate the ET0. Over the four growing years, the ETc values ranged from 0.7 to 8.3 mm day-1 for center pivot irrigation, 0.6-7.4 mm day-1 for drip irrigation, and 0.4-5.4 mm day-1 for no irrigation (rainfed). In the first growing year, a Kc average of 0.6 for all treatments was found. The highest Kc values were obtained at midphase (from December to February), with values of 0.9 and 0.8 in the second growing year, respectively, for the center pivot and drip treatments. During the same growth phase for the third and fourth growing season, the Kc for both irrigated treatments were averaged at 0.9.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04021020
JournalJournal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering
Volume147
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

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