Long-term and continuous crop evapotranspiration (ETc) and the crop coefficient (Kc) of jatropha (Jatropha curcas L.), which are needed to determine irrigation requirements, are lacking. The objective of this study was to measure jatropha ETc and Kc over four growing years. Field experiments were conducted from March 2012 to August 2015, and three different irrigation treatments were evaluated. The Kc values were determined for the irrigated treatments as the ratio between the ETc and grass-reference evapotranspiration (ET0) (i.e., Kc=ETc/ET0). The ETc was determined using a directly weighing lysimeter, and agrometeorological parameters measured at a weather station were used to estimate the ET0. Over the four growing years, the ETc values ranged from 0.7 to 8.3 mm day-1 for center pivot irrigation, 0.6-7.4 mm day-1 for drip irrigation, and 0.4-5.4 mm day-1 for no irrigation (rainfed). In the first growing year, a Kc average of 0.6 for all treatments was found. The highest Kc values were obtained at midphase (from December to February), with values of 0.9 and 0.8 in the second growing year, respectively, for the center pivot and drip treatments. During the same growth phase for the third and fourth growing season, the Kc for both irrigated treatments were averaged at 0.9.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Water Science and Technology
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)