Water uptake, ionic conductivity and swelling properties of anion-exchange membrane

Qiongjuan Duan, Shanhai Ge, Chao-yang Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Water uptake, ionic conductivity and dimensional change of the anion-exchange membrane made by Tokuyama Corporation (A201 membrane) are investigated at different temperatures and water activities. Specifically, the amount of water taken up by membranes exposed to water vapor and membranes soaked in liquid water is determined. The water uptake of the A201 membrane increases with water content as well as temperature. In addition, water sorption data shows Schroeder's paradox for the AEMs investigated. The swelling properties of the A201 membrane exhibit improved dimensional stability compared with Nafion membrane. Water sorption of the A201 membrane occurs with a substantial negative excess volume of mixing. The threshold value of hydrophilic fraction in the A201 membrane for ionic conductivity is around 0.34, above which, the conductivity begins to rise quickly. This indicates that a change in the connectivity of the hydrophilic domains occurs when hydrophilic fraction approaches 0.34.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)773-778
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume243
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 17 2013

Fingerprint

Ionic conductivity
swelling
ion currents
Anions
Swelling
Ion exchange
Negative ions
anions
membranes
Membranes
Water
water
sorption
Sorption
dimensional stability
water temperature
Dimensional stability
Steam
paradoxes
Water vapor

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Water uptake, ionic conductivity and dimensional change of the anion-exchange membrane made by Tokuyama Corporation (A201 membrane) are investigated at different temperatures and water activities. Specifically, the amount of water taken up by membranes exposed to water vapor and membranes soaked in liquid water is determined. The water uptake of the A201 membrane increases with water content as well as temperature. In addition, water sorption data shows Schroeder's paradox for the AEMs investigated. The swelling properties of the A201 membrane exhibit improved dimensional stability compared with Nafion membrane. Water sorption of the A201 membrane occurs with a substantial negative excess volume of mixing. The threshold value of hydrophilic fraction in the A201 membrane for ionic conductivity is around 0.34, above which, the conductivity begins to rise quickly. This indicates that a change in the connectivity of the hydrophilic domains occurs when hydrophilic fraction approaches 0.34.",
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Water uptake, ionic conductivity and swelling properties of anion-exchange membrane. / Duan, Qiongjuan; Ge, Shanhai; Wang, Chao-yang.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 243, 17.07.2013, p. 773-778.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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