Wavelet transform analysis of heart rate variability to assess the autonomic changes associated with spontaneous coronary spasm of variant angina

Bi Hua Tan, Hiroki Shimizu, Kenji Hiromoto, Yoshio Furukawa, Mitsumasa Ohyanagi, Tadaaki Iwasaki

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Abstract

We used Wavelet transform (WT) to investigate whether variation in autonomic tone was associated with spontaneous coronary spasm in patients with variant angina by analysis of heart rate variability (HRV). Twenty-one episodes preceding ST-segment elevation were selected under Holter monitoring in 12 men and 3 women with variant angina. HRV indices were calculated at 10 second intervals with the continuous WT, and analyzed within 30 minutes preceding ST-segment elevation. High frequency (HF; 0.15∼2.00 Hz) increased significantly during the 4 minutes prior to ST-segment elevation, low frequency (LF; 0.04∼0.15 Hz) decreased significantly during the period from 10 to 5 minutes and increased significantly during the 2 minutes prior to ST-segment elevation, the LF/HF ratio decreased significantly during the period from 10 to 3 minutes and increased significantly during the 2 minutes prior to ST-segment elevation. The RR interval decreased significantly during the 2 minutes prior to ST-segment elevation. These results suggest that the acute variation in autonomic tone was associated with spontaneous coronary spasm in patients with variant angina. A reduction in sympathetic activity, then enhancement of vagal activity may play a key role in triggering the spontaneous coronary spasm, and the secondary activation of sympathetic activity may worsen the coronary spasm resulting in the attack.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Electrocardiology
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2003

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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