Wet Wipe Allergens: Retrospective Analysis from the North American Contact Dermatitis Group 2011-2014

Erin M. Warshaw, Kelly A. Aschenbeck, Kathryn A. Zug, Donald V. Belsito, Matthew J. Zirwas, Joseph F. Fowler, James S. Taylor, Denis Sasseville, Anthony F. Fransway, Vincent A. DeLeo, James G. Marks, Melanie D. Pratt, Howard I. Maibach, C. G.Toby Mathias, Joel G. DeKoven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Although there are several case reports of wet wipe-associated contact dermatitis, the prevalence of wipes as a source of allergic contact dermatitis in larger populations and the responsible allergens are largely unknown. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of wet wipes as a source of contact allergy and the most commonly associated allergens in a North American tertiary referral patch test population. Methods: Data collected from 2011 to 2014 by the North American Contact Dermatitis Group was used to conduct a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of patient demographics and patch test results associated with the triple-digit source code for "wet wipe." Results: Of the 9037 patients patch tested during the study period, 79 (0.9%) had a positive patch test reaction to an allergen identified with a wet wipe source. The most commonly associated allergens were preservatives, including the following: methylisothiazolinone (MI) (59.0%), methylchloroisothiazolinone (MCI)/MI (35.6%), bronopol (2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol) (27.4%), and iodopropynyl butylcarbamate (12.3%). Fragrance (combined) represented 12.3%. Anal/genital dermatitis was 15 times more likely (P < 0.0001) in those with wet wipe allergy. More than 92% of patients with wipe-associated contact allergy had their contact allergens detected by the North American Contact Dermatitis Group screening series. Conclusions: Wet wipes are an important source of contact allergy. Preservatives are the main allergens, especially isothiazolinones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-69
Number of pages6
JournalDermatitis
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Dermatology

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    Warshaw, E. M., Aschenbeck, K. A., Zug, K. A., Belsito, D. V., Zirwas, M. J., Fowler, J. F., Taylor, J. S., Sasseville, D., Fransway, A. F., DeLeo, V. A., Marks, J. G., Pratt, M. D., Maibach, H. I., Mathias, C. G. T., & DeKoven, J. G. (2017). Wet Wipe Allergens: Retrospective Analysis from the North American Contact Dermatitis Group 2011-2014. Dermatitis, 28(1), 64-69. https://doi.org/10.1097/DER.0000000000000248