Wetland vegetation ecology on a reclaimed coal surface mine in southern Illinois, USA

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Abstract

An early successional wetland complex on a reclaimed surface coal mine in southern Illinois was studied 1985-1987. Seasonally, biomass was low, with above-ground values of 10-210g m-2 and below-ground biomass of 1.5-2435 g m-2. Biomass peaked in spring and did not vary much throughout the remainder of the growing season. Stem densities were high (179-1467 m-2) because large numbers of seedlings became established as falling water levels exposed large areas of mudflats. Fluctuating water levels led to a lack of community zonation. Species diversity (H′) was low to moderate over all sites with diversity values ranging between 1.86 and 3.27.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-142
Number of pages8
JournalWetlands Ecology and Management
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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