What are Sculptured Thin Films?

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article


Sculptured thin films (STFs) are nanoengineered materials with columnar morphology tailored to elicit desired optical responses upon excitation. The identical nanowires comprising a STF are oriented (nominally) parallel to each other, and possess two- and/or three-dimensional shapes. Two canonical forms of STFs have been formalized. Linear constitutive relations for general STFs as unidirectionally nonhomogeneous (continuously or piecewise uniformly) and locally bianisotropic continuums are presented, along with a 4×4 matrix ordinary differential equation for wave propagation therein. A nominal model for the macroscopic properties of linear STFs has been devised from using local homogenization. Several advanced as well as emerging applications of STFs are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-82
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 2003
EventNanotubes and Nanowires - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 3 2003Aug 4 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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