What does democracy mean? Correlates of adolescents' views

Constance A. Flanagan, Leslie S. Gallay, Sukhdeep Gill, Erin Gallay, Naana Nti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The open-ended responses of 701 7th to 12th graders to the question "What does democracy mean to you?" were analyzed. In logistic regressions, age, parental education, political discussions, and participation in extracurricular activities distinguished youth who could define democracy (53%) from those who could not. Case clustering revealed three emphases in youths' definitions: individual rights (30%), representative rule (40%), and civic equality (30%). These clusters did not vary by parental education or ethnicity, but several values that youth endorsed varied by parental education. Controlling for parental education, there were significant differences in adolescents' reports of familial and personal values in the three clusters. Scheffe tests revealed that the equality cluster endorsed less materialism than other clusters, more environmental responsibility than the individual rights cluster, and more social responsibility than the representative rule cluster. In contrast, the individual rights cluster was most likely to report that social ' vigilance was emphasized in their families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-218
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Adolescent Research
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

Fingerprint

Democracy
democracy
adolescent
Education
equality
political education
education
materialism
social responsibility
Values
Social Responsibility
ethnicity
logistics
Cluster Analysis
regression
responsibility
participation
Parents
Logistic Models

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Flanagan, Constance A. ; Gallay, Leslie S. ; Gill, Sukhdeep ; Gallay, Erin ; Nti, Naana. / What does democracy mean? Correlates of adolescents' views. In: Journal of Adolescent Research. 2005 ; Vol. 20, No. 2. pp. 193-218.
@article{80dbcea147074c8590bf8770ad75463b,
title = "What does democracy mean? Correlates of adolescents' views",
abstract = "The open-ended responses of 701 7th to 12th graders to the question {"}What does democracy mean to you?{"} were analyzed. In logistic regressions, age, parental education, political discussions, and participation in extracurricular activities distinguished youth who could define democracy (53{\%}) from those who could not. Case clustering revealed three emphases in youths' definitions: individual rights (30{\%}), representative rule (40{\%}), and civic equality (30{\%}). These clusters did not vary by parental education or ethnicity, but several values that youth endorsed varied by parental education. Controlling for parental education, there were significant differences in adolescents' reports of familial and personal values in the three clusters. Scheffe tests revealed that the equality cluster endorsed less materialism than other clusters, more environmental responsibility than the individual rights cluster, and more social responsibility than the representative rule cluster. In contrast, the individual rights cluster was most likely to report that social ' vigilance was emphasized in their families.",
author = "Flanagan, {Constance A.} and Gallay, {Leslie S.} and Sukhdeep Gill and Erin Gallay and Naana Nti",
year = "2005",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0743558404273377",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "193--218",
journal = "Journal of Adolescent Research",
issn = "0743-5584",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

What does democracy mean? Correlates of adolescents' views. / Flanagan, Constance A.; Gallay, Leslie S.; Gill, Sukhdeep; Gallay, Erin; Nti, Naana.

In: Journal of Adolescent Research, Vol. 20, No. 2, 01.03.2005, p. 193-218.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - What does democracy mean? Correlates of adolescents' views

AU - Flanagan, Constance A.

AU - Gallay, Leslie S.

AU - Gill, Sukhdeep

AU - Gallay, Erin

AU - Nti, Naana

PY - 2005/3/1

Y1 - 2005/3/1

N2 - The open-ended responses of 701 7th to 12th graders to the question "What does democracy mean to you?" were analyzed. In logistic regressions, age, parental education, political discussions, and participation in extracurricular activities distinguished youth who could define democracy (53%) from those who could not. Case clustering revealed three emphases in youths' definitions: individual rights (30%), representative rule (40%), and civic equality (30%). These clusters did not vary by parental education or ethnicity, but several values that youth endorsed varied by parental education. Controlling for parental education, there were significant differences in adolescents' reports of familial and personal values in the three clusters. Scheffe tests revealed that the equality cluster endorsed less materialism than other clusters, more environmental responsibility than the individual rights cluster, and more social responsibility than the representative rule cluster. In contrast, the individual rights cluster was most likely to report that social ' vigilance was emphasized in their families.

AB - The open-ended responses of 701 7th to 12th graders to the question "What does democracy mean to you?" were analyzed. In logistic regressions, age, parental education, political discussions, and participation in extracurricular activities distinguished youth who could define democracy (53%) from those who could not. Case clustering revealed three emphases in youths' definitions: individual rights (30%), representative rule (40%), and civic equality (30%). These clusters did not vary by parental education or ethnicity, but several values that youth endorsed varied by parental education. Controlling for parental education, there were significant differences in adolescents' reports of familial and personal values in the three clusters. Scheffe tests revealed that the equality cluster endorsed less materialism than other clusters, more environmental responsibility than the individual rights cluster, and more social responsibility than the representative rule cluster. In contrast, the individual rights cluster was most likely to report that social ' vigilance was emphasized in their families.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=14544297440&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=14544297440&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0743558404273377

DO - 10.1177/0743558404273377

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:14544297440

VL - 20

SP - 193

EP - 218

JO - Journal of Adolescent Research

JF - Journal of Adolescent Research

SN - 0743-5584

IS - 2

ER -