This study examined the reliability and validity of the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) with a college and university counseling center population. Specifically, 2,078 clients from 31 counseling centers completed the BSI at intake. An exploratory factor analysis conducted on half the sample yielded a 6-factor solution rather than the 9-factor solution proposed by L. R. Derogatis (1993) or the 1-factor solution identified in previous research. A subsequent confirmatory factor analysis conducted on the remainder of the sample revealed support for the 6-factor model. Implications for using the BSI with counseling center clients, normative data based on client sex, and recommendations for further instrument development are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Social Psychology
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health