Determined what aspects of information from prose passages are available for recall after 1 presentation and what aspects are learned with additional presentations. 2 passages were divided into idea units which were placed in a logical, hierarchical structure for each passage. Scores were assigned to the idea units according to their position in the structure. 69 undergraduates were divided into 3 groups: 1 heard each passage once, a 2nd heard each passage twice, and a 3rd group heard each 3 times. Ss were then asked to write down everything they could recall about the passages. Effects of the logical structure were seen in the kinds of idea units that were remembered, the stability of these units in consecutive recalls, and the tendency for clustering of idea units on this basis. In addition, serial position, importance of idea units, and order of recall were examined with the recall data. (20 ref.) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Developmental and Educational Psychology