When Does Self-Esteem Relate to Deviant Behavior? The Role of Contingencies of Self-Worth

D. Lance Ferris, Douglas J. Brown, Huiwen Lian, Lisa M. Keeping

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Researchers have assumed that low self-esteem predicts deviance, but empirical results have been mixed. This article draws upon recent theoretical developments regarding contingencies of self-worth to clarify the self-esteem/deviance relation. It was predicted that self-esteem level would relate to deviance only when self-esteem was not contingent on workplace performance. In this manner, contingent self-esteem is a boundary condition for self-consistency/behavioral plasticity theory predictions. Using multisource data collected from 123 employees over 6 months, the authors examined the interaction between level (high/low) and type (contingent/noncontingent) of self-esteem in predicting workplace deviance. Results support the hypothesized moderating effects of contingent self-esteem; implications for self-esteem theories are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1345-1353
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume94
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

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  • Applied Psychology

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Ferris, D. Lance ; Brown, Douglas J. ; Lian, Huiwen ; Keeping, Lisa M. / When Does Self-Esteem Relate to Deviant Behavior? The Role of Contingencies of Self-Worth. In: Journal of Applied Psychology. 2009 ; Vol. 94, No. 5. pp. 1345-1353.
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When Does Self-Esteem Relate to Deviant Behavior? The Role of Contingencies of Self-Worth. / Ferris, D. Lance; Brown, Douglas J.; Lian, Huiwen; Keeping, Lisa M.

In: Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 94, No. 5, 01.09.2009, p. 1345-1353.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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