"Why are you bored?": An examination of psychological and social control causes of boredom among adolescents

Linda L. Caldwell, Nancy Darling, Laura L. Payne, Bonnie Dowdy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to better understand the causes of boredom using psychologically based and social control models of boredom. For this study, 82 8th grade students completed two questionnaires, a face to face interview, and participated in a four day activity diary over a two week period of time. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) was used to assess the extent to which adolescents' level of boredom differed depending upon their reason for participating in the activity and on the individual characteristics they brought to the situation. Both psychological and social control variables helped to explain boredom. The results are discussed from a developmental and practical perspective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-121
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Leisure Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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