Why drink less? Diffidence, self-presentation styles, and alcohol use among university students

Marcella E. Korn, Jennifer Maggs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Through the theoretical lens of the self-presentation model, this paper addresses conflicting results from past research on the links between the components of diffidence (i.e., high levels of introversion and loneliness, and low levels of self-esteem) and alcohol use among undergraduate college students (N = 548). Correlational and multiple regression analyses were used to examine whether protective and acquisitive self-presentation expectancies about the effects of alcohol act as suppressing variables in the relationship between diffidence and alcohol use. Results supported the suppression hypothesis. A negative relationship between diffidence and alcohol use was revealed when self-presentation expectancies about the effects of alcohol were controlled statistically. The self-presentation model may provide new theoretical insights into the links between alcohol expectancies and alcohol use. Implications for campus-based intervention programs are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-211
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of youth and adolescence
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Why drink less? Diffidence, self-presentation styles, and alcohol use among university students'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this