Why some countries attract more high-ability young students to teaching: Cross-national comparisons of students’ expectation of becoming a teacher

Hyunjoon Park, Soo Yong Byun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Using data from 37,570 students in 23 OECD countries in PISA 2006, we examine how national contexts shape the expectation of being a teacher at age 30 among highachieving students in secondary schools. Our results show considerable between-country differences in the degree of students’ expectation of a teaching job. To address sources of this cross-national variation, we use two-level logit models by linking student-level data with country-level data. Consistent with earlier findings, we find that teachers’ economic status matters for students’ expectation of becoming a teacher. Moreover, our results show that teachers’ social status also matters. Countries’ levels of professionalization of teaching, indicated by whether teachers have a bachelor’s degree and are fully certified, are also related to students’ expectation of the teaching profession. Specifically, in countries with higher levels of professionalization, we see a reduced gender gap in students’ expectation of becoming a teacher.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-549
Number of pages27
JournalComparative Education Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education

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