Wide-Area Damping Control Using Multiple DFIG-Based Wind Farms under Stochastic Data Packet Dropouts

Amirthagunaraj Yogarathinam, Nilanjan Ray Chaudhuri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Data dropouts in communication network can have a significant impact on wide-area oscillation damping control of a smart power grid with large-scale deployment of distributed and networked phasor measurement units and wind energy resources. Remote feedback signals sent through communication channels encounter data dropout, which is represented by the Gilbert-Elliott model. An observer-driven reduced copy (ORC) approach is presented, which uses the knowledge of the nominal system dynamics during data dropouts to improve the damping performance where conventional feedback would suffer. An expression for the expectation of the bound on the error norm between the actual and the estimated states relating uncertainties in the cyber system due to data dropout and physical system due to change in operating conditions is also derived. The key contribution comes from the analytical derivation of the impact of coupling between the cyber and the physical layer on ORC performance. Monte Carlo simulation is performed to calculate the dispersion of the error bound. Nonlinear time-domain simulations demonstrate that the ORC produces significantly better performance compared to conventional feedback under higher data drop situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3383-3393
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science(all)

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