Knowledge of wildfire behavior is of key importance for planning and allocating resources to fire suppression efforts. In this study, we analyzed the spatial pattern of wildfires with five decision tree based classifiers, including alternating decision tree (ADT), classification and regression tree (CART), functional tree (FT), logistic model tree (LMT), and Naïve Bayes tree (NBT). The classifiers were trained using historical fire locations in the Zagros Mountains (Iran) from the years 2007–2014 and a set of fifteen explanatory variables (i.e., slope degree, aspect, altitude, plan curvature, topographic position index (TPI), topographic roughness index (TRI), topographic wetness index (TWI), mean annual temperature and rainfall, wind effect, soil type, land use, and proximity to settlements, roads, and rivers) that were first optimized with a twostep process using multicollinearity analysis and the Gain Ratio variable selection method. The classifiers were then validated using the Kappa index and several statistical index-based evaluators (i.e., accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, precision, and F-measure). The global performance of the classifiers was measured using the ROC-AUC method. In this comparative study, the ADT classifier demonstrated the highest performance both in terms of goodness-of-fit with the training dataset (accuracy = 99.8%, AUC = 0.991) and the capability to predict future wildfires (accuracy = 75.7%, AUC = 0.903). This study contributes to the suite of research that evaluates data mining methods for the prediction of natural hazards.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Modeling and Simulation
- Ecological Modeling
- Computer Science Applications
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Applied Mathematics