Word naming and psycholinguistic norms: Chinese

Youyi Liu, Hua Shu, Ping Li

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    83 Scopus citations


    In this article, we present normative data for 2,423 Chinese single-character words. For each word, we report values for the following 15 variables: word frequency, cumulative frequency, homophone density, phonological frequency, age of learning, age of acquisition, number of word formations, number of meanings, number of components, number of strokes, familiarity, concreteness, imageability, regularity, and initial phoneme. To validate the norms, we collected word-naming latencies. Factor analysis and multiple regression analysis show that naming latencies of Chinese single-character words are predicted by frequency, semantics, visual features, and consistency, but not by phonology. These analyses show distinct patterns in word naming between Chinese and alphabetic languages and demonstrate the utility of normative data in the study of nonalphabetic orthographic processing.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)192-198
    Number of pages7
    JournalBehavior research methods
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - May 2007

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
    • Psychology (miscellaneous)
    • Psychology(all)

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Word naming and psycholinguistic norms: Chinese'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this