Work and Family Identities and Engineering Identity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Women are underrepresented in engineering. Furthermore, those who enter engineering fields are less likely than men to persist. Although conflict between work and family roles has been a major explanation for this gender gap, there has been little examination of how work and family identities fit with the engineering identity of undergraduate students preparing for careers in engineering. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between direct and indirect measures of work and family identities and engineering identity among undergraduate students in Thailand. Design/Method: A survey methodology was used to assess work- and family-focused hoped-for and feared possible selves, anticipated conflict between work and family roles, engineering self-concept, and intention to pursue engineering professionally. Regression analyses were used to find relationships among these measures. Results: Findings indicate that women with balanced hoped-for and feared possible selves in both life domains of work and family reported significantly higher engineering self-concept than other women in the study. In addition, the salience of work identity and family identity was significantly and more positively related with engineering identity for women than for men. Conclusion: The findings indicate strong compatibility of family, work, and engineering identities for women who intended to pursue the profession. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings for gender-based equity are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-237
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Engineering Education
Volume107
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

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engineering
self-concept
Students
family work
gender
Thailand
equity
student
profession
career
regression
examination
methodology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Work and Family Identities and Engineering Identity",
abstract = "Background: Women are underrepresented in engineering. Furthermore, those who enter engineering fields are less likely than men to persist. Although conflict between work and family roles has been a major explanation for this gender gap, there has been little examination of how work and family identities fit with the engineering identity of undergraduate students preparing for careers in engineering. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between direct and indirect measures of work and family identities and engineering identity among undergraduate students in Thailand. Design/Method: A survey methodology was used to assess work- and family-focused hoped-for and feared possible selves, anticipated conflict between work and family roles, engineering self-concept, and intention to pursue engineering professionally. Regression analyses were used to find relationships among these measures. Results: Findings indicate that women with balanced hoped-for and feared possible selves in both life domains of work and family reported significantly higher engineering self-concept than other women in the study. In addition, the salience of work identity and family identity was significantly and more positively related with engineering identity for women than for men. Conclusion: The findings indicate strong compatibility of family, work, and engineering identities for women who intended to pursue the profession. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings for gender-based equity are discussed.",
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Work and Family Identities and Engineering Identity. / Koul, Ravinder.

In: Journal of Engineering Education, Vol. 107, No. 2, 01.04.2018, p. 219-237.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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