Work-family conflict, cardiometabolic risk, and sleep duration in nursing employees

Lisa F. Berkman, Sze Yan Liu, Leslie Hammer, Phyllis Moen, Laura Klein, Erin Kelly, Martha Fay, Kelly Davis, Mary Durham, Georgia Karuntzos, Orfeu M. Buxton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated associations of work-family conflict and work and family conditions with objectively measured cardiometabolic risk and sleep. Multilevel analyses assessed cross-sectional associations between employee and job characteristics and health in analyses of 1,524 employees in 30 extended-care facilities in a single company. We examined work and family conditions in relation to: (a) validated, cardiometabolic risk score based on measured blood pressure, cholesterol, glycosylated hemoglobin, body mass index, and self-reported tobacco consumption and (b) wrist actigraphy- based sleep duration. In fully adjusted multilevel models, work-to-family conflict but not family-to-work conflict was positively associated with cardiometabolic risk. Having a lower level occupation (nursing assistant vs. nurse) was associated with increased cardiometabolic risk, whereas being married and having younger children at home was protective. A significant Age × Work-to-Family Conflict interaction revealed that higher work-to-family conflict was more strongly associated with increased cardiometabolic risk in younger employees. High family-to-work conflict was significantly associated with shorter sleep duration. Working long hours and having children at home were both independently associated with shorter sleep duration. High work-to-family conflict was associated with longer sleep duration. These results indicate that different dimensions of work-family conflict may pose threats to cardiometabolic health and sleep duration for employees. This study contributes to the research on work-family conflict, suggesting that work-to-family and family-to-work conflict are associated with specific health outcomes. Translating theory and findings to preventive interventions entails recognition of the dimensionality of work and family dynamics and the need to target specific work and family conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-433
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Occupational Health Psychology
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

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Sleep
Nursing
Family Conflict
Conflict (Psychology)
Health
Actigraphy
Skilled Nursing Facilities
Multilevel Analysis
Family Relations
Glycosylated Hemoglobin A
Tobacco Use
Wrist
Occupations
Body Mass Index
Nurses
Cholesterol
Blood Pressure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Berkman, Lisa F. ; Liu, Sze Yan ; Hammer, Leslie ; Moen, Phyllis ; Klein, Laura ; Kelly, Erin ; Fay, Martha ; Davis, Kelly ; Durham, Mary ; Karuntzos, Georgia ; Buxton, Orfeu M. / Work-family conflict, cardiometabolic risk, and sleep duration in nursing employees. In: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 2015 ; Vol. 20, No. 4. pp. 420-433.
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Berkman, LF, Liu, SY, Hammer, L, Moen, P, Klein, L, Kelly, E, Fay, M, Davis, K, Durham, M, Karuntzos, G & Buxton, OM 2015, 'Work-family conflict, cardiometabolic risk, and sleep duration in nursing employees', Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 420-433. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0039143

Work-family conflict, cardiometabolic risk, and sleep duration in nursing employees. / Berkman, Lisa F.; Liu, Sze Yan; Hammer, Leslie; Moen, Phyllis; Klein, Laura; Kelly, Erin; Fay, Martha; Davis, Kelly; Durham, Mary; Karuntzos, Georgia; Buxton, Orfeu M.

In: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Vol. 20, No. 4, 01.10.2015, p. 420-433.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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