Working memory and autism

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Autism, or what is now referred to as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a behaviorally-defined and diagnosed neurodevelopmental disorder (Amaral, Schumann, and Nordahl, 2008). Because there is no generally accepted biomarker for ASD, researchers and medical practitioners have to rely on behavioral characteristics when making a diagnosis. The defining characteristics of ASD were agreed upon by a panel of experts in the field and are published in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013). In the prior edition of the DSM, autism was included within the multicategorical diagnosis of Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD). This diagnosis included the categories of Autistic Disorder, Asperger syndrome, PDD-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), childhood disintegrative disorder, and Rett’s disorder (DSM-4-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Subsequent research identified problems with this multicategorical approach with limited reliability in the assignments of the DSM-4 subtypes (e.g. Walker et al., 2004).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWorking Memory and Clinical Developmental Disorders
Subtitle of host publicationTheories, Debates and Interventions
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Pages38-52
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9781315302065
ISBN (Print)9781138236493
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Autistic Disorder
Short-Term Memory
Asperger Syndrome
Rett Syndrome
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Biomarkers
Research Personnel
Research
Autism Spectrum Disorder

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Williams, D. L. (2018). Working memory and autism. In Working Memory and Clinical Developmental Disorders: Theories, Debates and Interventions (pp. 38-52). Taylor and Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315302072
Williams, Diane L. / Working memory and autism. Working Memory and Clinical Developmental Disorders: Theories, Debates and Interventions. Taylor and Francis, 2018. pp. 38-52
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Williams, DL 2018, Working memory and autism. in Working Memory and Clinical Developmental Disorders: Theories, Debates and Interventions. Taylor and Francis, pp. 38-52. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315302072

Working memory and autism. / Williams, Diane L.

Working Memory and Clinical Developmental Disorders: Theories, Debates and Interventions. Taylor and Francis, 2018. p. 38-52.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Williams DL. Working memory and autism. In Working Memory and Clinical Developmental Disorders: Theories, Debates and Interventions. Taylor and Francis. 2018. p. 38-52 https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315302072