Working memory in infancy: Six-month-olds’ performance on two versions of the oculomotor delayed response task

Rick Owen Gilmore, Mark H. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The capacity of 6-month-old infants to maintain information in working memory for several seconds was studied using two versions of an oculomotor delayed response task. Infants were presented with either a cue stimulus in a target location (Experiment 1), or an abstract, central stimulus (Experiment 2) which could be used to predict the peripheral location in which an attractive target stimulus subsequently appeared. Eye movements during delay periods from 600 to 5000 ms were recorded. The results indicated that infants maintained information about stimulus locations in working memory for 3-5 s. These results imply maturity of regions of the prefrontal cortex closely associated with a similar task used to neurophysiological and neuroimaging studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-418
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of experimental child psychology
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

Fingerprint

Short-Term Memory
Eye Movements
Prefrontal Cortex
Neuroimaging
Cues

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

@article{80ed1051456c40a4928cf9d961d76ae0,
title = "Working memory in infancy: Six-month-olds’ performance on two versions of the oculomotor delayed response task",
abstract = "The capacity of 6-month-old infants to maintain information in working memory for several seconds was studied using two versions of an oculomotor delayed response task. Infants were presented with either a cue stimulus in a target location (Experiment 1), or an abstract, central stimulus (Experiment 2) which could be used to predict the peripheral location in which an attractive target stimulus subsequently appeared. Eye movements during delay periods from 600 to 5000 ms were recorded. The results indicated that infants maintained information about stimulus locations in working memory for 3-5 s. These results imply maturity of regions of the prefrontal cortex closely associated with a similar task used to neurophysiological and neuroimaging studies.",
author = "Gilmore, {Rick Owen} and Johnson, {Mark H.}",
year = "1995",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1006/jecp.1995.1019",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "59",
pages = "397--418",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Child Psychology",
issn = "0022-0965",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "3",

}

Working memory in infancy : Six-month-olds’ performance on two versions of the oculomotor delayed response task. / Gilmore, Rick Owen; Johnson, Mark H.

In: Journal of experimental child psychology, Vol. 59, No. 3, 01.01.1995, p. 397-418.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Working memory in infancy

T2 - Six-month-olds’ performance on two versions of the oculomotor delayed response task

AU - Gilmore, Rick Owen

AU - Johnson, Mark H.

PY - 1995/1/1

Y1 - 1995/1/1

N2 - The capacity of 6-month-old infants to maintain information in working memory for several seconds was studied using two versions of an oculomotor delayed response task. Infants were presented with either a cue stimulus in a target location (Experiment 1), or an abstract, central stimulus (Experiment 2) which could be used to predict the peripheral location in which an attractive target stimulus subsequently appeared. Eye movements during delay periods from 600 to 5000 ms were recorded. The results indicated that infants maintained information about stimulus locations in working memory for 3-5 s. These results imply maturity of regions of the prefrontal cortex closely associated with a similar task used to neurophysiological and neuroimaging studies.

AB - The capacity of 6-month-old infants to maintain information in working memory for several seconds was studied using two versions of an oculomotor delayed response task. Infants were presented with either a cue stimulus in a target location (Experiment 1), or an abstract, central stimulus (Experiment 2) which could be used to predict the peripheral location in which an attractive target stimulus subsequently appeared. Eye movements during delay periods from 600 to 5000 ms were recorded. The results indicated that infants maintained information about stimulus locations in working memory for 3-5 s. These results imply maturity of regions of the prefrontal cortex closely associated with a similar task used to neurophysiological and neuroimaging studies.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029315471&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029315471&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1006/jecp.1995.1019

DO - 10.1006/jecp.1995.1019

M3 - Article

C2 - 7622986

AN - SCOPUS:0029315471

VL - 59

SP - 397

EP - 418

JO - Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

JF - Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

SN - 0022-0965

IS - 3

ER -