X-ray determination of the thickness of thin metal foils

Robert C. Block, Jeffrey A. Geuther, Brian Methe, Devin P. Barry, Gregory Leinweber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The interpretation of neutron cross section experiments depends upon an in-depth knowledge of the physical characteristics of the target sample. An x-ray image of an encapsulated metallic Eu sample used in a neutron cross section measurement showed a very non-uniform thickness as well as holes in the sample. In light of this problem it was found necessary to determine the thickness distribution in four thin metallic Eu samples without disturbing the encapsulation (and exposing the Eu to air). All four Eu samples were subsequently x-rayed along with a Sm step wedge. The gray levels in the Eu images were then compared to the Sm gray levels and, taking into account differences in the x-ray absorption and density of Eu and Sm, the sample thickness distributions were obtained for each Eu sample. This work demonstrates that a step wedge can be used to calibrate x-ray images to a thickness scale, and allows the thickness variation of the samples to be represented in a simple probability table for incorporation into the analysis of neutron experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-355
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of X-Ray Science and Technology
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 6 2013

Fingerprint

metal foils
Neutrons
Metal foil
Metals
X-Rays
X rays
x rays
Encapsulation
neutron cross sections
Experiments
Air
wedges
x ray absorption
neutrons
air

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Instrumentation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Block, Robert C. ; Geuther, Jeffrey A. ; Methe, Brian ; Barry, Devin P. ; Leinweber, Gregory. / X-ray determination of the thickness of thin metal foils. In: Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology. 2013 ; Vol. 21, No. 3. pp. 347-355.
@article{d244c4f6979a4b89abaf934c680651f8,
title = "X-ray determination of the thickness of thin metal foils",
abstract = "The interpretation of neutron cross section experiments depends upon an in-depth knowledge of the physical characteristics of the target sample. An x-ray image of an encapsulated metallic Eu sample used in a neutron cross section measurement showed a very non-uniform thickness as well as holes in the sample. In light of this problem it was found necessary to determine the thickness distribution in four thin metallic Eu samples without disturbing the encapsulation (and exposing the Eu to air). All four Eu samples were subsequently x-rayed along with a Sm step wedge. The gray levels in the Eu images were then compared to the Sm gray levels and, taking into account differences in the x-ray absorption and density of Eu and Sm, the sample thickness distributions were obtained for each Eu sample. This work demonstrates that a step wedge can be used to calibrate x-ray images to a thickness scale, and allows the thickness variation of the samples to be represented in a simple probability table for incorporation into the analysis of neutron experiments.",
author = "Block, {Robert C.} and Geuther, {Jeffrey A.} and Brian Methe and Barry, {Devin P.} and Gregory Leinweber",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "6",
doi = "10.3233/XST-130383",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "21",
pages = "347--355",
journal = "Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology",
issn = "0895-3996",
publisher = "IOS Press",
number = "3",

}

X-ray determination of the thickness of thin metal foils. / Block, Robert C.; Geuther, Jeffrey A.; Methe, Brian; Barry, Devin P.; Leinweber, Gregory.

In: Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology, Vol. 21, No. 3, 06.12.2013, p. 347-355.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - X-ray determination of the thickness of thin metal foils

AU - Block, Robert C.

AU - Geuther, Jeffrey A.

AU - Methe, Brian

AU - Barry, Devin P.

AU - Leinweber, Gregory

PY - 2013/12/6

Y1 - 2013/12/6

N2 - The interpretation of neutron cross section experiments depends upon an in-depth knowledge of the physical characteristics of the target sample. An x-ray image of an encapsulated metallic Eu sample used in a neutron cross section measurement showed a very non-uniform thickness as well as holes in the sample. In light of this problem it was found necessary to determine the thickness distribution in four thin metallic Eu samples without disturbing the encapsulation (and exposing the Eu to air). All four Eu samples were subsequently x-rayed along with a Sm step wedge. The gray levels in the Eu images were then compared to the Sm gray levels and, taking into account differences in the x-ray absorption and density of Eu and Sm, the sample thickness distributions were obtained for each Eu sample. This work demonstrates that a step wedge can be used to calibrate x-ray images to a thickness scale, and allows the thickness variation of the samples to be represented in a simple probability table for incorporation into the analysis of neutron experiments.

AB - The interpretation of neutron cross section experiments depends upon an in-depth knowledge of the physical characteristics of the target sample. An x-ray image of an encapsulated metallic Eu sample used in a neutron cross section measurement showed a very non-uniform thickness as well as holes in the sample. In light of this problem it was found necessary to determine the thickness distribution in four thin metallic Eu samples without disturbing the encapsulation (and exposing the Eu to air). All four Eu samples were subsequently x-rayed along with a Sm step wedge. The gray levels in the Eu images were then compared to the Sm gray levels and, taking into account differences in the x-ray absorption and density of Eu and Sm, the sample thickness distributions were obtained for each Eu sample. This work demonstrates that a step wedge can be used to calibrate x-ray images to a thickness scale, and allows the thickness variation of the samples to be represented in a simple probability table for incorporation into the analysis of neutron experiments.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84888881508&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84888881508&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3233/XST-130383

DO - 10.3233/XST-130383

M3 - Article

C2 - 24004865

AN - SCOPUS:84888881508

VL - 21

SP - 347

EP - 355

JO - Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology

JF - Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology

SN - 0895-3996

IS - 3

ER -