We present x-ray diffraction data, which demonstrate that after high field poling, solid solutions of lead zinc niobate with 8% lead titanate (PZN-PT) consist of a mixture of a dominant monoclinic phase and a remnant tetragonal phase. To understand the origin of this engineered monoclinic phase we studied a Devonshire phenomenological model that predicts the field induced phase transitions in PZN-PT. Although previous attempts to use this model for these materials have matched the phase diagram and dielectric behavior, we show that the coefficients used in those models cannot be reconciled with recent data on electric field behavior. By modifying the coefficients we are able to explain the phase diagram, dielectric behavior, and high field phase transitions in compositions near the morphotropic phase boundary. Using these coefficients, we find no stable monoclinic phase present in the model. This contradiction is explained by noting that within the engineered domain state the tetragonal regions strain the rhombohedral regions, resulting in a metastable monoclinic phase.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)