X-ray-emitting t tauri stars in the LI551 cloud

Lee Carkner, Eric D. Feigelson, Katsuji Koyama, Thierry Montmerle, I. Neill Reid

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Low-mass pre-main-sequence stars in the nearby Lynds 1551 star-forming cloud are studied with the ROSAT and ASCA X-ray satellites. An 8 ks ROSAT image reveals 38 sources including seven wellknown T Tauri stars, two likely new weak-lined T Tauri stars, five potential new weak-lined T Tauri stars, one young B9 star, and the remaining sources are unrelated to the cloud or poorly identified. A 40 ks ASCA image of the cloud detects seven of the ROSAT sources. Spectral fitting of the brighter X-ray-emitting stars suggests the emission is produced in either a multitemperature plasma, with temperatures near 0.2 and 1 keV, or a single-temperature plasma with low metal abundances. XZ Tau, a young classical T Tauri star, is much stronger in ASCA than ROSAT observations, showing a harder (1.5-2.0 keV) component. Timing analysis reveals all but one of the T Tauri stars are variable on timescales ranging from 1 hr to 1 year. A powerful flare, emitting 3 × 1034 ergs within a 40 minute rise and fall, was observed by ASCA on the weak-lined T Tauri star V826 Tau. The event was preceded and followed by constant quiescent X-ray emission. The extreme classical T Tauri star XZ Tau was also caught during both high and low states, varying by a factor of 15 between the ASCA and ROSAT observations. Neither of the luminous infrared embedded protostars L1551 1RS 5 or L1551NE were detected by ROSAT or ASCA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-305
Number of pages20
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 PART I
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Carkner, L., Feigelson, E. D., Koyama, K., Montmerle, T., & Neill Reid, I. (1996). X-ray-emitting t tauri stars in the LI551 cloud. Astrophysical Journal, 464(1 PART I), 286-305. https://doi.org/10.1086/177320