X-ray polarimetry with the Polarization Spectroscopic Telescope Array (PolSTAR)

Henric S. Krawczynski, Daniel Stern, Fiona A. Harrison, Fabian F. Kislat, Anna Zajczyk, Matthias Beilicke, Janie Hoormann, Qingzhen Guo, Ryan Endsley, Adam R. Ingram, Hiromasa Miyasaka, Kristin K. Madsen, Kim M. Aaron, Rashied Amini, Matthew G. Baring, Banafsheh Beheshtipour, Arash Bodaghee, Jeffrey Booth, Chester Borden, Markus BöttcherFinn E. Christensen, Paolo S. Coppi, Ramanath Cowsik, Shane Davis, Jason Dexter, Chris Done, Luis A. Dominguez, Don Ellison, Robin J. English, Andrew C. Fabian, Abe Falcone, Jeffrey A. Favretto, Rodrigo Fernández, Paolo Giommi, Brian W. Grefenstette, Erin Kara, Chung H. Lee, Maxim Lyutikov, Thomas Maccarone, Hironori Matsumoto, Jonathan McKinney, Tatehiro Mihara, Jon M. Miller, Ramesh Narayan, Lorenzo Natalucci, Feryal Özel, Michael J. Pivovaroff, Steven Pravdo, Dimitrios Psaltis, Takashi Okajima, Kenji Toma, William W. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper describes the Polarization Spectroscopic Telescope Array (PolSTAR), a mission proposed to NASA's 2014 Small Explorer (SMEX) announcement of opportunity. PolSTAR measures the linear polarization of 3-50 keV (requirement; goal: 2.5-70 keV) X-rays probing the behavior of matter, radiation and the very fabric of spacetime under the extreme conditions close to the event horizons of black holes, as well as in and around magnetars and neutron stars. The PolSTAR design is based on the technology developed for the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) mission launched in June 2012. In particular, it uses the same X-ray optics, extendable telescope boom, optical bench, and CdZnTe detectors as NuSTAR. The mission has the sensitivity to measure ∼1% linear polarization fractions for X-ray sources with fluxes down to ∼5 mCrab. This paper describes the PolSTAR design as well as the science drivers and the potential science return.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-28
Number of pages21
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume75
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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    Krawczynski, H. S., Stern, D., Harrison, F. A., Kislat, F. F., Zajczyk, A., Beilicke, M., Hoormann, J., Guo, Q., Endsley, R., Ingram, A. R., Miyasaka, H., Madsen, K. K., Aaron, K. M., Amini, R., Baring, M. G., Beheshtipour, B., Bodaghee, A., Booth, J., Borden, C., ... Zhang, W. W. (2016). X-ray polarimetry with the Polarization Spectroscopic Telescope Array (PolSTAR). Astroparticle Physics, 75, 8-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2015.10.009