X-ray polarimetry with the Polarization Spectroscopic Telescope Array (PolSTAR)

Henric S. Krawczynski, Daniel Stern, Fiona A. Harrison, Fabian F. Kislat, Anna Zajczyk, Matthias Beilicke, Janie Hoormann, Qingzhen Guo, Ryan Endsley, Adam R. Ingram, Hiromasa Miyasaka, Kristin K. Madsen, Kim M. Aaron, Rashied Amini, Matthew G. Baring, Banafsheh Beheshtipour, Arash Bodaghee, Jeffrey Booth, Chester Borden, Markus BöttcherFinn E. Christensen, Paolo S. Coppi, Ramanath Cowsik, Shane Davis, Jason Dexter, Chris Done, Luis A. Dominguez, Don Ellison, Robin J. English, Andrew C. Fabian, Abraham David Falcone, Jeffrey A. Favretto, Rodrigo Fernández, Paolo Giommi, Brian W. Grefenstette, Erin Kara, Chung H. Lee, Maxim Lyutikov, Thomas Maccarone, Hironori Matsumoto, Jonathan McKinney, Tatehiro Mihara, Jon M. Miller, Ramesh Narayan, Lorenzo Natalucci, Feryal Özel, Michael J. Pivovaroff, Steven Pravdo, Dimitrios Psaltis, Takashi Okajima, Kenji Toma, William W. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes the Polarization Spectroscopic Telescope Array (PolSTAR), a mission proposed to NASA's 2014 Small Explorer (SMEX) announcement of opportunity. PolSTAR measures the linear polarization of 3-50 keV (requirement; goal: 2.5-70 keV) X-rays probing the behavior of matter, radiation and the very fabric of spacetime under the extreme conditions close to the event horizons of black holes, as well as in and around magnetars and neutron stars. The PolSTAR design is based on the technology developed for the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) mission launched in June 2012. In particular, it uses the same X-ray optics, extendable telescope boom, optical bench, and CdZnTe detectors as NuSTAR. The mission has the sensitivity to measure ∼1% linear polarization fractions for X-ray sources with fluxes down to ∼5 mCrab. This paper describes the PolSTAR design as well as the science drivers and the potential science return.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-28
Number of pages21
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume75
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2016

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spectroscopic telescopes
polarimetry
polarization
x rays
linear polarization
boom
magnetars
event horizon
geometrical optics
neutron stars
seats
telescopes
stars
requirements
sensitivity
detectors
radiation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Krawczynski, H. S., Stern, D., Harrison, F. A., Kislat, F. F., Zajczyk, A., Beilicke, M., ... Zhang, W. W. (2016). X-ray polarimetry with the Polarization Spectroscopic Telescope Array (PolSTAR). Astroparticle Physics, 75, 8-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2015.10.009
Krawczynski, Henric S. ; Stern, Daniel ; Harrison, Fiona A. ; Kislat, Fabian F. ; Zajczyk, Anna ; Beilicke, Matthias ; Hoormann, Janie ; Guo, Qingzhen ; Endsley, Ryan ; Ingram, Adam R. ; Miyasaka, Hiromasa ; Madsen, Kristin K. ; Aaron, Kim M. ; Amini, Rashied ; Baring, Matthew G. ; Beheshtipour, Banafsheh ; Bodaghee, Arash ; Booth, Jeffrey ; Borden, Chester ; Böttcher, Markus ; Christensen, Finn E. ; Coppi, Paolo S. ; Cowsik, Ramanath ; Davis, Shane ; Dexter, Jason ; Done, Chris ; Dominguez, Luis A. ; Ellison, Don ; English, Robin J. ; Fabian, Andrew C. ; Falcone, Abraham David ; Favretto, Jeffrey A. ; Fernández, Rodrigo ; Giommi, Paolo ; Grefenstette, Brian W. ; Kara, Erin ; Lee, Chung H. ; Lyutikov, Maxim ; Maccarone, Thomas ; Matsumoto, Hironori ; McKinney, Jonathan ; Mihara, Tatehiro ; Miller, Jon M. ; Narayan, Ramesh ; Natalucci, Lorenzo ; Özel, Feryal ; Pivovaroff, Michael J. ; Pravdo, Steven ; Psaltis, Dimitrios ; Okajima, Takashi ; Toma, Kenji ; Zhang, William W. / X-ray polarimetry with the Polarization Spectroscopic Telescope Array (PolSTAR). In: Astroparticle Physics. 2016 ; Vol. 75. pp. 8-28.
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abstract = "This paper describes the Polarization Spectroscopic Telescope Array (PolSTAR), a mission proposed to NASA's 2014 Small Explorer (SMEX) announcement of opportunity. PolSTAR measures the linear polarization of 3-50 keV (requirement; goal: 2.5-70 keV) X-rays probing the behavior of matter, radiation and the very fabric of spacetime under the extreme conditions close to the event horizons of black holes, as well as in and around magnetars and neutron stars. The PolSTAR design is based on the technology developed for the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) mission launched in June 2012. In particular, it uses the same X-ray optics, extendable telescope boom, optical bench, and CdZnTe detectors as NuSTAR. The mission has the sensitivity to measure ∼1{\%} linear polarization fractions for X-ray sources with fluxes down to ∼5 mCrab. This paper describes the PolSTAR design as well as the science drivers and the potential science return.",
author = "Krawczynski, {Henric S.} and Daniel Stern and Harrison, {Fiona A.} and Kislat, {Fabian F.} and Anna Zajczyk and Matthias Beilicke and Janie Hoormann and Qingzhen Guo and Ryan Endsley and Ingram, {Adam R.} and Hiromasa Miyasaka and Madsen, {Kristin K.} and Aaron, {Kim M.} and Rashied Amini and Baring, {Matthew G.} and Banafsheh Beheshtipour and Arash Bodaghee and Jeffrey Booth and Chester Borden and Markus B{\"o}ttcher and Christensen, {Finn E.} and Coppi, {Paolo S.} and Ramanath Cowsik and Shane Davis and Jason Dexter and Chris Done and Dominguez, {Luis A.} and Don Ellison and English, {Robin J.} and Fabian, {Andrew C.} and Falcone, {Abraham David} and Favretto, {Jeffrey A.} and Rodrigo Fern{\'a}ndez and Paolo Giommi and Grefenstette, {Brian W.} and Erin Kara and Lee, {Chung H.} and Maxim Lyutikov and Thomas Maccarone and Hironori Matsumoto and Jonathan McKinney and Tatehiro Mihara and Miller, {Jon M.} and Ramesh Narayan and Lorenzo Natalucci and Feryal {\"O}zel and Pivovaroff, {Michael J.} and Steven Pravdo and Dimitrios Psaltis and Takashi Okajima and Kenji Toma and Zhang, {William W.}",
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Krawczynski, HS, Stern, D, Harrison, FA, Kislat, FF, Zajczyk, A, Beilicke, M, Hoormann, J, Guo, Q, Endsley, R, Ingram, AR, Miyasaka, H, Madsen, KK, Aaron, KM, Amini, R, Baring, MG, Beheshtipour, B, Bodaghee, A, Booth, J, Borden, C, Böttcher, M, Christensen, FE, Coppi, PS, Cowsik, R, Davis, S, Dexter, J, Done, C, Dominguez, LA, Ellison, D, English, RJ, Fabian, AC, Falcone, AD, Favretto, JA, Fernández, R, Giommi, P, Grefenstette, BW, Kara, E, Lee, CH, Lyutikov, M, Maccarone, T, Matsumoto, H, McKinney, J, Mihara, T, Miller, JM, Narayan, R, Natalucci, L, Özel, F, Pivovaroff, MJ, Pravdo, S, Psaltis, D, Okajima, T, Toma, K & Zhang, WW 2016, 'X-ray polarimetry with the Polarization Spectroscopic Telescope Array (PolSTAR)', Astroparticle Physics, vol. 75, pp. 8-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2015.10.009

X-ray polarimetry with the Polarization Spectroscopic Telescope Array (PolSTAR). / Krawczynski, Henric S.; Stern, Daniel; Harrison, Fiona A.; Kislat, Fabian F.; Zajczyk, Anna; Beilicke, Matthias; Hoormann, Janie; Guo, Qingzhen; Endsley, Ryan; Ingram, Adam R.; Miyasaka, Hiromasa; Madsen, Kristin K.; Aaron, Kim M.; Amini, Rashied; Baring, Matthew G.; Beheshtipour, Banafsheh; Bodaghee, Arash; Booth, Jeffrey; Borden, Chester; Böttcher, Markus; Christensen, Finn E.; Coppi, Paolo S.; Cowsik, Ramanath; Davis, Shane; Dexter, Jason; Done, Chris; Dominguez, Luis A.; Ellison, Don; English, Robin J.; Fabian, Andrew C.; Falcone, Abraham David; Favretto, Jeffrey A.; Fernández, Rodrigo; Giommi, Paolo; Grefenstette, Brian W.; Kara, Erin; Lee, Chung H.; Lyutikov, Maxim; Maccarone, Thomas; Matsumoto, Hironori; McKinney, Jonathan; Mihara, Tatehiro; Miller, Jon M.; Narayan, Ramesh; Natalucci, Lorenzo; Özel, Feryal; Pivovaroff, Michael J.; Pravdo, Steven; Psaltis, Dimitrios; Okajima, Takashi; Toma, Kenji; Zhang, William W.

In: Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 75, 15.02.2016, p. 8-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - X-ray polarimetry with the Polarization Spectroscopic Telescope Array (PolSTAR)

AU - Krawczynski, Henric S.

AU - Stern, Daniel

AU - Harrison, Fiona A.

AU - Kislat, Fabian F.

AU - Zajczyk, Anna

AU - Beilicke, Matthias

AU - Hoormann, Janie

AU - Guo, Qingzhen

AU - Endsley, Ryan

AU - Ingram, Adam R.

AU - Miyasaka, Hiromasa

AU - Madsen, Kristin K.

AU - Aaron, Kim M.

AU - Amini, Rashied

AU - Baring, Matthew G.

AU - Beheshtipour, Banafsheh

AU - Bodaghee, Arash

AU - Booth, Jeffrey

AU - Borden, Chester

AU - Böttcher, Markus

AU - Christensen, Finn E.

AU - Coppi, Paolo S.

AU - Cowsik, Ramanath

AU - Davis, Shane

AU - Dexter, Jason

AU - Done, Chris

AU - Dominguez, Luis A.

AU - Ellison, Don

AU - English, Robin J.

AU - Fabian, Andrew C.

AU - Falcone, Abraham David

AU - Favretto, Jeffrey A.

AU - Fernández, Rodrigo

AU - Giommi, Paolo

AU - Grefenstette, Brian W.

AU - Kara, Erin

AU - Lee, Chung H.

AU - Lyutikov, Maxim

AU - Maccarone, Thomas

AU - Matsumoto, Hironori

AU - McKinney, Jonathan

AU - Mihara, Tatehiro

AU - Miller, Jon M.

AU - Narayan, Ramesh

AU - Natalucci, Lorenzo

AU - Özel, Feryal

AU - Pivovaroff, Michael J.

AU - Pravdo, Steven

AU - Psaltis, Dimitrios

AU - Okajima, Takashi

AU - Toma, Kenji

AU - Zhang, William W.

PY - 2016/2/15

Y1 - 2016/2/15

N2 - This paper describes the Polarization Spectroscopic Telescope Array (PolSTAR), a mission proposed to NASA's 2014 Small Explorer (SMEX) announcement of opportunity. PolSTAR measures the linear polarization of 3-50 keV (requirement; goal: 2.5-70 keV) X-rays probing the behavior of matter, radiation and the very fabric of spacetime under the extreme conditions close to the event horizons of black holes, as well as in and around magnetars and neutron stars. The PolSTAR design is based on the technology developed for the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) mission launched in June 2012. In particular, it uses the same X-ray optics, extendable telescope boom, optical bench, and CdZnTe detectors as NuSTAR. The mission has the sensitivity to measure ∼1% linear polarization fractions for X-ray sources with fluxes down to ∼5 mCrab. This paper describes the PolSTAR design as well as the science drivers and the potential science return.

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Krawczynski HS, Stern D, Harrison FA, Kislat FF, Zajczyk A, Beilicke M et al. X-ray polarimetry with the Polarization Spectroscopic Telescope Array (PolSTAR). Astroparticle Physics. 2016 Feb 15;75:8-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2015.10.009