X-ray properties of dust-obscured galaxies with broad optical/UV emission lines

Fan Zou, William N. Brandt, Fabio Vito, Chien Ting Chen, Gordon P. Garmire, Daniel Stern, Ashraf Ayubinia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Dust-obscured galaxies (DOGs) with extreme infrared luminosities may represent a key phase in the co-evolution of galaxies and supermassive black holes. We select 12 DOGs at 0.3 ≲ z ≲ 1.0 with broad Mg ii or H β emission lines and investigate their X-ray properties utilizing snapshot observations (∼3 ks per source) with Chandra. By assuming that the broad lines are broadened due to virial motions of broad-line regions, we find that our sources generally have high Eddington ratios (λEdd). Our sources generally have moderate intrinsic X-ray luminosities (LX ≲ 1045 erg s-1), which are similar to those of other DOGs, but are more obscured. They also present moderate outflows and intense starbursts. Based on these findings, we conclude that high-λEdd DOGs are closer to the peaks of both host-galaxy and black hole growth compared to other DOGs, and that (active galactic nucleus) AGN feedback has not swept away their reservoirs of gas. However, we cannot fully rule out the possibility that the broad lines are broadened by outflows, at least for some sources. We investigate the relations among LX, AGN rest-frame 6 μm monochromatic luminosity, and AGN bolometric luminosity, and find the relations are consistent with the expected ones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1823-1840
Number of pages18
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume499
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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