Low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) experiments and grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations were carried out to study the adsorption of Xe on a substrate composed of a monolayer of C60 molecules on a Ag(111) surface. LEED adsorption isobars indicated that the adsorption occurs in steps, with the Xe initially adopting a structure having the same unit cell as the C60. Isosteric heats corresponding to the first two steps were measured to be 234±8 and 204±14 meV, respectively. For the simulations, the interaction potential of Xe with the composite substrate was modeled as the sum of two parts: the Xe-Ag part was computed using an ab initio van der Waals potential that varies as an inverse-distance cubed and the Xe- C60 part was computed using a spherically averaged C60 potential. The resulting adsorption potential is highly corrugated, with the most attractive sites located in the threefold hollows between the C60 molecules, forming a honeycomb array. The simulations (at temperatures ranging from 55 to 90 K) show that these attractive sites are filled first, followed by adsorption in two types of secondary sites, where a competition exists due to steric hindrance. The thermodynamic properties of film growth obtained in the simulation are in good agreement with the experiment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Jan 18 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics