Basal levels of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase, epoxide hydrolase and glutathione S-transferase enzyme activities, cytochrome P-450 content and inducibility of enzymes with phenobarbital were found to be similar in the microsomes of D. simulans mutant strain 364 yv, which is sensitive to the toxic and mutagenic effects of benzo[a]pyrene (BP), and of the wild resistant Turku strain. In contrast, increases in the rate of BP turnover per molecule of cytochrome P-450, intensity of the hemoprotein band with apparent molecular weight 56,000 and the yield of BP 7,8-dihydrodiol and 9,10-dihydrodiol occurred only in microsomes of BP-pretreated 364yv flies but not of Turku ones. It is likely that BP induces an aberrant form of cytochrome P-450 in 364yv flies with a rare mutation in one of the P-450 regulating genes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis|
|State||Published - Oct 1992|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis