XMM-Newton observation of the very old pulsar J0108-1431

B. Posselt, P. Arumugasamy, G. G. Pavlov, R. N. Manchester, R. M. Shannon, O. Kargaltsev

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Abstract

We report on an X-ray observation of the 166 Myr old radio pulsar J0108-1431 with XMM-Newton. The X-ray spectrum can be described by a power-law model with a relatively steep photon index Γ ≈ 3 or by a combination of thermal and non-thermal components, e.g., a power-law component with fixed photon index Γ = 2 plus a blackbody component with a temperature of kT = 0.11 keV. The two-component model appears more reasonable considering different estimates for the hydrogen column density N H. The non-thermal X-ray efficiency in the single power-law model is , higher than in most other X-ray-detected pulsars. In the case of the combined model, the non-thermal and thermal X-ray efficiencies are even higher, . We detected X-ray pulsations at the radio period of P ≈ 0.808 s with significance of ≈7σ. The pulse shape in the folded X-ray light curve (0.15-2 keV) is asymmetric, with statistically significant contributions from up to five leading harmonics. Pulse profiles at two different energy ranges differ slightly: the profile is asymmetric at low energies, 0.15-1 keV, while at higher energies, 1-2 keV, it has a nearly sinusoidal shape. The radio pulse peak leads the 0.15-2 keV X-ray pulse peak by Δφ = 0.06 ± 0.03.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number117
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume761
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Posselt, B., Arumugasamy, P., Pavlov, G. G., Manchester, R. N., Shannon, R. M., & Kargaltsev, O. (2012). XMM-Newton observation of the very old pulsar J0108-1431. Astrophysical Journal, 761(2), [117]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/761/2/117