XMM-Newton observations of young and energetic pulsar j2022+3842

P. Arumugasamy, G. G. Pavlov, O. Kargaltsev

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We report on XMM-Newton EPIC observations of the young pulsar J2022+3842, with a characteristic age of 8.9 kyr. We detected X-ray pulsations and found the pulsation period P 48.6 ms, and its derivative , which is two times larger than previously reported values. The pulsar exhibits two very narrow (FWHM ∼1.2 ms) X-ray pulses each rotation, separated by 0.48 of the period, with a pulsed fraction of 0.8. Using the correct values of P and , we calculate the pulsar's spin-down power erg s-1 and magnetic field B = 2.1 × 10 12 G. The pulsar spectrum is well modeled with a hard power-law (PL) model (photon index Γ = 0.9 ± 0.1, hydrogen column density n H= (2.3 ± 0.3) × 1022 cm-2). We detect a weak off-pulse emission, which can be modeled with a softer PL (Γ 1.7 ± 0.7), that is poorly constrained because of contamination in the EPIC-pn timing mode data. The pulsar's X-ray efficiency in the 0.5-8 keV energy band, , is similar to those of other pulsars. The XMM-Newton observation did not detect extended emission around the pulsar. Our re-analysis of Chandra X-ray Observatory archival data shows a hard, Γ 0.9 ± 0.5, spectrum and a low efficiency, ηPWN∼ 2 × 10-5(D/10 kpc)2, for the compact pulsar wind nebula, unresolved in the XMM-Newton images.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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