XPS analysis of combustion aerosols for chemical composition, surface chemistry, and carbon chemical state

Randy L. Vander Wal, Vicky M. Bryg, Michael D. Hays

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carbonaceous aerosols can vary in elemental content, surface chemistry, and carbon nanostructure. Each of these properties is related to the details of soot formation. Fuel source, combustion process (affecting formation and growth conditions), and postcombustion exhaust where oxidation occurs all contribute to the physical structure and surface chemistry of soot. Traditionally such physical and chemical parameters have been measured separately by various techniques. Presented here is the unified measurement of these characteristics using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In the present study, XPS is applied to combustion soot collected from a diesel engine (running biodiesel and pump-grade fuels); jet engine; and institutional, plant, and residential oil-fired boilers. Elemental composition is mapped by a survey scan over a broad energy range. Surface chemistry and carbon nanostructure are quantified by deconvolution of high-resolution scans over the C1s region. This combination of parameters forms a distinct matrix of identifiers for the soots from these sources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1924-1930
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical chemistry
Volume83
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry

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