In contrast to steady-state erythropoiesis, which generates new erythrocytes at a constant rate, stress erythropoiesis rapidly produces a large bolus of new erythrocytes in response to anemic stress. In this study, we illustrate that Yes-associated protein (Yap1) promotes the rapid expansion of a transit-amplifying population of stress erythroid progenitors in vivo and in vitro. Yap1-mutated erythroid progenitors failed to proliferate in the spleen after transplantation into lethally irradiated recipient mice. Additionally, loss of Yap1 impaired the growth of actively proliferating erythroid progenitors in vitro. This role in proliferation is supported by gene expression profiles showing that transiently amplifying stress erythroid progenitors express high levels of genes associated with Yap1 activity and genes induced by Yap1. Furthermore, Yap1 promotes the proliferation of stress erythroid progenitors in part by regulating the expression of key glutamine-metabolizing enzymes. Thus, Yap1 acts as an erythroid regulator that coordinates the metabolic status with the proliferation of erythroid progenitors to promote stress erythropoiesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology
- Cancer Research