Yeast TAFIIs in a multisubunit complex required for activated transcription

Joseph C. Reese, Lynne Apone, Scott S. Walker, Loree A. Griffin, Michael R. Green

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146 Scopus citations

Abstract

IN higher eukaryotes the RNA polymerase II transcription factor TFIID is composed of a TATA-box-binding protein (TBP) and a set of tightly bound polypeptides, designated TBP-associated factors (TAFIIS). One or more TAFIIS are coactivators that are required for activated but not basal transcription1-3. The eukary-otic transcription machinery is highly conserved and it is therefore puzzling that TAFIIS have not been identified in yeast. Here we use TBP as a protein-affinity ligand to isolate from yeast a multisubunit complex that is required specifically for activated transcription by RNA polymerase II. Microsequence analysis and cloning of two subunits of this complex reveal that they are the homologues of known mammalian and Drosophila TAFII S. The genes encoding these two yeast TAFIIS are essential, suggesting that activated transcription is required for viability of Saccharo-myces cerevisiae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-527
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume371
Issue number6497
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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    Reese, J. C., Apone, L., Walker, S. S., Griffin, L. A., & Green, M. R. (1994). Yeast TAFIIs in a multisubunit complex required for activated transcription. Nature, 371(6497), 523-527. https://doi.org/10.1038/371523a0