Youth exposure to violence in the community: Towards a theoretical framework for explaining risk and protective factors

Maria João Lobo Antunes, Eileen M. Ahlin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Exposure to community violence (ETV-C) negatively impacts youth development and is associated with many negative outcomes. Although attention has been paid to examining risk and protective factors that promote or reduce ETV-C, many of the studies in this growing body of literature do not place predictive models within a theoretical framework. In this review, we argue that the routine activity theory and lifestyles perspectives (RAT/LS) within an ecological framework is a useful strategy for examining how a series of behaviors and choices enacted by youth in their everyday lives affects their ETV-C. By focusing on the role of target suitability and capable guardianship within the neighborhood, family, peers, and individual levels of the mesosystem, we suggest scholars can examine the relative salience of these various components to determine whether they serve to increase youth's ETV-C or buffer against such experiences. We propose that the RAT/LS perspectives can not only be placed in an ecological framework, but it also provides effective tenets with which to explore ETV-C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)166-177
Number of pages12
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Volume34
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Youth exposure to violence in the community: Towards a theoretical framework for explaining risk and protective factors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this