Youth exposure to violence in the community

Towards a theoretical framework for explaining risk and protective factors

Maria João Lobo Antunes, Eileen Michelle Ahlin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Exposure to community violence (ETV-C) negatively impacts youth development and is associated with many negative outcomes. Although attention has been paid to examining risk and protective factors that promote or reduce ETV-C, many of the studies in this growing body of literature do not place predictive models within a theoretical framework. In this review, we argue that the routine activity theory and lifestyles perspectives (RAT/LS) within an ecological framework is a useful strategy for examining how a series of behaviors and choices enacted by youth in their everyday lives affects their ETV-C. By focusing on the role of target suitability and capable guardianship within the neighborhood, family, peers, and individual levels of the mesosystem, we suggest scholars can examine the relative salience of these various components to determine whether they serve to increase youth's ETV-C or buffer against such experiences. We propose that the RAT/LS perspectives can not only be placed in an ecological framework, but it also provides effective tenets with which to explore ETV-C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)166-177
Number of pages12
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Volume34
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Fingerprint

Life Style
Choice Behavior
Buffers
Protective Factors
Exposure to Violence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

@article{49133dac70ef496bbeb0aa818005f4ed,
title = "Youth exposure to violence in the community: Towards a theoretical framework for explaining risk and protective factors",
abstract = "Exposure to community violence (ETV-C) negatively impacts youth development and is associated with many negative outcomes. Although attention has been paid to examining risk and protective factors that promote or reduce ETV-C, many of the studies in this growing body of literature do not place predictive models within a theoretical framework. In this review, we argue that the routine activity theory and lifestyles perspectives (RAT/LS) within an ecological framework is a useful strategy for examining how a series of behaviors and choices enacted by youth in their everyday lives affects their ETV-C. By focusing on the role of target suitability and capable guardianship within the neighborhood, family, peers, and individual levels of the mesosystem, we suggest scholars can examine the relative salience of these various components to determine whether they serve to increase youth's ETV-C or buffer against such experiences. We propose that the RAT/LS perspectives can not only be placed in an ecological framework, but it also provides effective tenets with which to explore ETV-C.",
author = "Antunes, {Maria Jo{\~a}o Lobo} and Ahlin, {Eileen Michelle}",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.avb.2017.01.015",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "34",
pages = "166--177",
journal = "Aggression and Violent Behavior",
issn = "1359-1789",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

Youth exposure to violence in the community : Towards a theoretical framework for explaining risk and protective factors. / Antunes, Maria João Lobo; Ahlin, Eileen Michelle.

In: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Vol. 34, 01.05.2017, p. 166-177.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Youth exposure to violence in the community

T2 - Towards a theoretical framework for explaining risk and protective factors

AU - Antunes, Maria João Lobo

AU - Ahlin, Eileen Michelle

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - Exposure to community violence (ETV-C) negatively impacts youth development and is associated with many negative outcomes. Although attention has been paid to examining risk and protective factors that promote or reduce ETV-C, many of the studies in this growing body of literature do not place predictive models within a theoretical framework. In this review, we argue that the routine activity theory and lifestyles perspectives (RAT/LS) within an ecological framework is a useful strategy for examining how a series of behaviors and choices enacted by youth in their everyday lives affects their ETV-C. By focusing on the role of target suitability and capable guardianship within the neighborhood, family, peers, and individual levels of the mesosystem, we suggest scholars can examine the relative salience of these various components to determine whether they serve to increase youth's ETV-C or buffer against such experiences. We propose that the RAT/LS perspectives can not only be placed in an ecological framework, but it also provides effective tenets with which to explore ETV-C.

AB - Exposure to community violence (ETV-C) negatively impacts youth development and is associated with many negative outcomes. Although attention has been paid to examining risk and protective factors that promote or reduce ETV-C, many of the studies in this growing body of literature do not place predictive models within a theoretical framework. In this review, we argue that the routine activity theory and lifestyles perspectives (RAT/LS) within an ecological framework is a useful strategy for examining how a series of behaviors and choices enacted by youth in their everyday lives affects their ETV-C. By focusing on the role of target suitability and capable guardianship within the neighborhood, family, peers, and individual levels of the mesosystem, we suggest scholars can examine the relative salience of these various components to determine whether they serve to increase youth's ETV-C or buffer against such experiences. We propose that the RAT/LS perspectives can not only be placed in an ecological framework, but it also provides effective tenets with which to explore ETV-C.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85010567563&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85010567563&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.avb.2017.01.015

DO - 10.1016/j.avb.2017.01.015

M3 - Review article

VL - 34

SP - 166

EP - 177

JO - Aggression and Violent Behavior

JF - Aggression and Violent Behavior

SN - 1359-1789

ER -