Zinc-induced molt: evidence for a direct inhibitory effect on granulosa cell steroidogenesis.

A. L. Johnson, J. Brake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Results from previous studies indicate that the use of dietary zinc may provide an effective means to initiate an induced molt in laying hens. Although much evidence indicates that high concentrations of zinc (10,000 to 20,000 ppm) cause the cessation of lay primarily by depressing feed intake, recent data suggest that lower concentrations (2,800 ppm) in a calcium-deficient diet may act via a direct action on the ovary. Therefore, a series of in vitro studies was conducted to evaluate whether zinc can affect granulosa cell progesterone production. Incubation of granulosa cells from the largest preovulatory (F1) follicle with zinc as zinc sulfate (.1 to 10 microM) had no effect on basal progesterone production. By contrast, ovine luteinizing hormone-stimulated progesterone production was inhibited (P less than .05) in a dose-related fashion by zinc in both the sulfate and acetate forms (1 to 10 microM). Furthermore, zinc attenuated oLH- and forskolin-induced cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) formation, and inhibited 8-bromo-cAMP- and calcium ionophore (A23187)-induced progesterone production. Such results indicate both pre- and post-cAMP sites of action for zinc's inhibitory actions on progesterone production in F1 granulosa cells. Finally, ovine follicle-stimulating hormone-stimulated cAMP accumulation and progesterone production in granulosa cells collected from 9- to 12-mm follicles (a stage of development representing the early, rapid growth phase) were suppressed (P less than .05) by co-incubation of cells with zinc.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-167
Number of pages7
JournalPoultry science
Volume71
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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